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  • 1.
    Brenner, Björn
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
    Arabisk sedvanerätt i Palestina2016In: Advokaten, ISSN 0281-3505, Vol. 82, no 6, p. 50-51Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Dagens palestinska rättsväsende är ett resultat av de olika rättstraditioner som under årens lopp rått på Västbanken, Gazaremsan och i östra Jerusalem. De statsmakter som under olika perioder har administrerat dessa områden – ottomanerna, britterna, jordanierna, egyptierna och israelerna – har var och en på sina sätt satt djupa avtryck i såväl det allmänna rättsmedvetandet som i nu rådande rättsregler. Störst avtryck bland alla dessa har dock en annan ännu tidigare rättstradition gjort: den arabiska sedvanerätten.

  • 2.
    Bring, Ove
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Humanitarian Law and Literature: from Utopia to Slaughterhouse Five2009In: Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law: Volume 10, 2007, Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press , 2009, p. 3-44Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Bring, Ove
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Neutralitetens uppgång och fall: eller Den gemensamma säkerhetens historia2008Book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Carlson, Alfred
    Swedish Defence University.
    Tillit från soldat till officer: En förutsättning för att lyckas i ett yrkesförsvar2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish Armed Forces as an organization are undergoing an exciting phase where the conversion to a professional military, with employed soldiers, is in full swing. In a recent study the Swedish National Defence College observed a problem in the interaction between officers and soldiers in the new organization. A term that is widely used in the military profession is trust, which forms the starting point in this paper to analyze the problem from the study. The purpose of this paper is to identify whether there are preconditions for building trust from the soldier to the officer in today’s Swedish professional military.

    In the paper the aforementioned study is summarized into four situations to provide a comprehensive overview of the problem. The study is analyzed out of the factors that create trust according to the theories from the Swedish and Canadian defence colleges. The analysis is structured by the factors from Swedish theory, while the factors from Canadian theory reinforce and develop the analysis further.

    From the trust perspective used in this paper, the result shows that the creation of trust is impeded in all factors of the Swedish theory. The conditions that inhibit trust are: an imperfect view of how the officer deals with soldier’s experience, the platoon commander’s increased administrative services and personnel turnovers. One conclusion is that if these preconditions are changed, there will be better opportunities to build trust.

  • 5.
    de Waern, Henrik
    Swedish National Defence College.
    Computer Network Attack som olovligt våld: en fråga om association, effekt, aktör och mål2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I Estland 2007 utbröt vad som kommit att kallas ”Cyberwar I”, vari ett stort antal centrala myndigheters, tillika finansiella institutioners servrar attackerades av massiva så kallade Computer Network Attacks (CNA), utfört av framförallt ryska aktörer. Estland protesterade högljutt, men frågan huruvida CNA är att beteckna som olovligt är allt annat än klar. Prövningen sker mot den folkrättsliga regimen Jus ad Bellum, och huruvida metoden uppfyller vissa centrala begrepp. Men hur skall denna regim appliceras CNA?

    De frågeställningar som avses besvaras är: hur kan CNA utgöra våld eller hot om våld i enlighet med FN-stadgans artikel 2(4) samt hur kan CNA utgöra väpnat angrepp i enlighet med FN-stadgans artikel 51? Detta avses göras genom en studie inbegripande flertalet folkrättsliga experters teorier på området CNA och våldsanvändning, samt applicering av desamma på en fallstudie av händelserna i Estland 2007.

    Sammanfattningsvis konstateras att flertalet variabler har bärighet i hur CNA kan uppfylla artiklarnas centrala begrepp, vari frågan om association, effekt, aktör och mål tydligast faller ut. I en efterföljande diskussion påvisas dock hur variablerna endast är att betrakta som indicier på hur CNA kan klassas så som olovligt, varvid endast statspraxis kan ge den slutgiltiga bedömningen.

  • 6.
    Erlandsson, Johan
    Swedish Defence University.
    Det teoretiska skyddsrummet: En studie i civilbefolkningens folkrättsliga skydd i nya tidens konflikter2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    After the Second World War, and the creation and ratification of the traditional international law, the majority of the armed clashes has had the character of non-international conflicts with an asymmetric set of actors. Meanwhile, the most affected actor has come to be the civilian population.

    The purpose of this study is to problematize the protection of civilians in the conflicts of the new era.

    A qualitative method is used in the study in order to analyze the Security Council’s resolutions and mission specific strategies for the protection of civilians in the three UN missions UNMIS, UNAMID and MONUC. The result of the analysis is then problematized with van Creveld’s non-trinitarian theory in order to investigate what problems there are in applying the international humanitarian legal protection of civilians in the conflicts of the new era.The aggregated result of the study show that there are problems in applying the traditional international legal protection of civilians in the conflicts of the new era, and that one of the main problems is that the protection only seems to be a subject for the international community.

  • 7.
    Fors, Fredrik
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    Intelligence-led policing against organized crime – a case study2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Intelligence-led policing against organized crime – a case study

    Intelligence-led policing has been criticized for being mostly improved rhetoric describing traditional reactive police work, rather than something truly new and pro-active. In this paper, an in-depth case study is used in order to determine whether or not there are examples that real change has taken place. For example: among huge amounts of information, how do the police determine what intelligence that should be taken seriously and acted upon?

    The paper will cover what resulted in the shoot-out between the Swedish National Counter-Terrorism Unit and heavily armed criminals targeting a cash depot in Umeå in May, 2009. The police operation was initiated and guided by intelligence material, and can be seen as an example of pro-active, intelligence-led police work against organized crime. Based on a rich materiel, and by applying case methodology it will be possible to gain a deeper knowledge about intelligence-led police work. By that, theories concerning how the police try to apply intelligence-based methods in order to deal with organized crime might be tested.

    The paper will thus give a description of one of the most violent fire fights in Swedish police history; interesting given the restricted use of weapons by the Swedish police and the very rare case of stand-offs between the police and criminals. Thereby, the paper will provide a contribution to criminology research by doing a case study of one example of how the Swedish police deal with organized crime; in contrast to the more common macro/statistical methods within criminology.

  • 8.
    Fors, Fredrik
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), CRISMART (National Center for Crisis Management Research and Training).
    The police can and do learn: Tracing policy changes in the police work against organized crime2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The police can and do learn. Tracing policy changes in the police work against organized crime

    Bureaucracies in general, and the police in particular, are slow moving creatures, often unable to learn or improve their work. This is a common topic in criminological literature and other research covering the police. This paper will exemplify the opposite. By looking at a few case studies of aggravated robberies in 2005 and in 2008/2009, respectively, the paper will illustrate how the police actually learned or changed police policies. In particular, the paper will analyze change in the form of systematized intelligence analysis and the use of “target lists” of individuals participating in organized crime.

    A wide range of armed robberies against cash-in-transit vehicles were carried out in Sweden during the 1990s and the early 2000s. Two of the most spectacular ones occurred in August 2005. In one case, the robbers blocked off a highway, causing a massive traffic jam, and carried out the robbery in broad daylight. In the other, the robbers forced their way into a cash depot using a construction vehicle.

    After that, the Swedish police started to systematize the information they had about the criminals committing these robberies. The work involved the police at the national level, the regional police, security companies, and civil authorities with the aim of reducing the number of robberies by successfully coordinating information about suspects and have them convicted.

    Another example of how the Swedish police changed is the use of “target lists.” These lists consist of the names of criminals convicted and/or suspected of participating in organized crime, not least armed robberies against cash-in-transit vehicles and cash depots.

    In 2008 and 2009, other spectacular robberies occurred in Sweden. This paper argues that the way the Swedish police acted against those crimes can actually be seen as concrete examples of how the police have implemented policy changes, partially influenced by the aforementioned robberies in 2005.

     

  • 9.
    Gunneriusson, Håkan
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för markoperationer (KV Mark).
    Bachmann, Sascha
    University of Bournemouth.
    Terrorism and Cyber Attacks as Hybrid Threats: Defining a Comprehensive Approach for Countering 21st Century Threats to Global Risk and Security2013In: A Multidisciplinary Conference on Cyberterrorism: Final Report / [ed] Macdonald, S., Jarvis, L. & Chen, T., Birmingham: Swansea University , 2013, p. 12-Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Heydarian Pashakhanlou, Arash
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Air Operations Section.
    The ethics of Carr and Wendt: Fairness and peaceIn: Journal of International Political Theory, ISSN 1755-0882, E-ISSN 1755-1722Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The classical realist writings of E.H. Carr and constructivist publications of Alexander Wendt are extraordinarily influential. While they have provoked a great number of reactions within the discipline of International Relations, the ethical dimensions of their works have rarely been studied at length. This article seeks to remedy this lack of examination by engaging in an in-depth scrutiny of the moral concerns of these two mainstream International Relations scholars. On investigation, it is revealed that Carr demonstrates a strong commitment to the ethical principle of fairness and Wendt a moral concern for the prevention of the use of organized violence. These concerns are shared by Rawlsians and cosmopolitans in International Relations, and these findings may thereby encourage closer engagement between these diverse communities that rarely speak to one another and strengthen disciplinary research on morals.

  • 11.
    Jerfström, David
    Swedish Defence University.
    Tillgång och efterfrågan på anhörigstöd vid internationell insats2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The method used in this study is a qualitative questionnaire. 53 next of kin or relatives to soldiers, who is assigned internationally, were asked to answer a questionnaire. The questions were about how these persons are experiencing the support that the Swedish Armed Forces and external support organizations is providing the relatives with. The purpose of this study was to describe the available support provided by The Armed Forces and the external support organizations and then compare that to the actual need of support. Another aim of this study is to suggest possible improvements to the support of today.By analyzing the raw data from the questionnaire we can see a significant improvement of the family support in relation to how the former support looked like a couple of years ago. Officersförbundet and Synovate made a study in 2008 and the result of that study was a major dissatisfaction in the range of family support and according to that we can see a lot of positive developments. This developments has been taken place with the help of a balanced mix between psychosocial and practical measures. The ABC-X model that deals with families in stress and Hall’s book “Counseling military families” has in many ways worked as a frame for this study and also helped to explain how the developments of the family support has increased the group of satisfied relatives.

  • 12.
    Johansson, Dan
    Swedish Defence University.
    Intervention kontra Statssuveränitet: "Responsibility to Protect" - En studie av principens nyttjande vid interventionen i Libyen 20112012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the end of the Second World War there has been an international debate on how to address conflictsituations, where foreign populations are victims of abuse by actions perpetrated by their own government. Thetraditional norm of non-intervention has been confronted with growing support of global perspectives of humanrights.After several pleas from the UN Secretary-General to form international consensus on interventions for humanprotection purposes, the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty was formed in 2000.The commission’s work led to a report entitled The Responsibility to Protect. The report refers to a broadspectrum of recommendations on when and how intervention for human protection purposes should beauthorized and carried out.This study aims, through a qualitative text analysis, to find the extent to which international actions towardsLibya during 2011, complies with guidelines given within The Responsibility to Protect.The result shows partial conformable actions from international actors in an initial phase, and after Libyaprotests escaladed in early 2011, the study indicates that international measures and actions seems to reflect amajor part of recommendations given within the scope of The Responsibility to Protect.

  • 13.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    Auto-referrals and the complementary nature of the ICC2009In: The Emerging Practice of the International Criminal Court / [ed] Carsten Stahn and Göran Sluiter, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2009, p. 41-53Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    Complementarity as a Catalyst for Compliance2006In: Complementary Views on Complementarity: Proceedings of the International Roundtable on the Complementary Nature of the International Criminal Court, Amsterdam 25/26 June 2004 / [ed] Jann Kleffner and Gerben Kor, T.M.C. Asser Press, 2006, p. 79-104Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    University of Amsterdam.
    Complementarity in the Rome Statute and National Criminal Jurisdictions2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    University of Amsterdam.
    Complementarity in the Rome Statute and National Criminal Jurisdictions2008Book (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    Droit néerlandais2002In: Juridictions nationales et crimes internationaux / [ed] Antonio Cassese/Mireille Delmas-Marty, Presses Universitaires de France , 2002, p. 217-257Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    From ‘Belligerents’ to ‘Fighters’ and Civilians Directly Participating in Hostilities : On the Principle of Distinction in Non-International Armed Conflicts One Hundred Years after the Second Peace Conference2007In: Netherlands International Law Review, ISSN 0165-070X, E-ISSN 1741-6191, Vol. 54, p. 315-336Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 19. Kleffner, Jann K.
    Improving Compliance with International Humanitarian Law Through the Establishment of an Individual Complaints Procedure2002In: Leiden Journal of International Law, ISSN 0922-1565, E-ISSN 1478-9698, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 237-250Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    National Enforcement of International Humanitarian Law: A Case Study of War Crimes Prosecutions in Bosnian Domestic Courts2001In: Thesaurus Acroasium Vol. No 30 (XXX), Thessaloniki: Sakkoulas Publications , 2001Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    Peace Treaties2011In: Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law / [ed] Rüdiger Wolfrum, Oxford University Press, 2011Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Protection of the Wounded, Sick, and Shipwrecked2008In: The Handbook of International Humanitarian Law / [ed] D. Fleck, Oxford University Press, 2008, 2, p. 325-365Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Section IX of the ICRC Interpretive Guidance on Direct Participation in Hostilities: The End of Ius in Bello Proportionality as We Know It?2012In: Israel Law Review, ISSN 0021-2237, Vol. 45, no 1, p. 35-52Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    SFOR’s Half-Hearted Compliance with its International Obligations to Execute Arrest Warrants of the ICTY1999In: International Peacekeeping (Dordrecht), ISSN 1380-748X, Vol. 5, p. 80-87Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    Some preliminary thoughts on the position of the defence at the new International Criminal Court and the role of the Netherlands as the Host State2002In: The Position of the Defence at the International Criminal Court and the Role of the Netherlands as the Host State: including the proceedings of the Conference held in The Hague, 3-4 November 2000 / [ed] Martine Hallers/Chantal Joubert/Jan Sjöcrona, Amsterdam: Rozenberg , 2002, p. 1-8Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Kleffner, Jann K
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    The Applicability of International Humanitarian Law to Organized Armed Groups2011In: International Review of the Red Cross, ISSN 1816-3831, E-ISSN 1607-5889, Vol. 93, no 882, p. 443-461Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While it is generally accepted today that international humanitarian law (IHL) is binding on organized armed groups, it is less clear why that is so and how the binding force of IHL on organized armed groups is to be construed. A number of explanations for that binding force have been offered. The present contribution critically examines five such explanations, namely that organized armed groups are bound via the state on whose territory they operate; that organized armed groups are bound because their members are bound by IHL as individuals; that norms of IHL are binding on organized armed groups by virtue of the fact that they exercise de facto governmental functions; that customary IHL is applicable to organized armed groups because of the (limited) international legal personality that they possess; and that organized armed groups are bound by IHL because they have consented thereto.

  • 27.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    The Compatibility of National Legal Systems with the Statute of the Permanent International Criminal Court (ICC), Part I - Substantive Law2003In: Military Law and the Law of War Review / Revue de Droit Militaire et de Droit de la Guerre, ISSN 0556-7394, no 42, p. 45-88 (French), 119-158 (English)p. 45-88 (French)-119-158 (English)Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    The Compatibility of National Legal Systems with the Statute of the Permanent International Criminal Court (ICC), Part II - Procedural Law2003In: Military Law and the Law of War Review / Revue de Droit Militaire et de Droit de la Guerre, ISSN 0556-7394, no 42, p. 89-118 (French), 159-185 (English)p. 89-118 (French),-159-185 (English)Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    The Impact of Complementarity on National Implementation of Substantive International Criminal Law2003In: Journal of International Criminal Justice, ISSN 1478-1387, E-ISSN 1478-1395, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 86-113Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    The law and policy of complementarity in relation to ‘criminal proceedings’ carried out by non-state organized armed groups2011In: The International Criminal Court and Complementarity: From Theory to Practice / [ed] Carsten Stahn and Mohamed El Zeidy, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011, p. 707-720Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    The Use of Depleted Uranium Weapons and the Prohibition of Poison Weapons2008In: Depleted Uranium Weapons and International Law : A Precautionary Approach / [ed] Avril McDonald, Jann K. Kleffner and Brigit Toebes, T.M.C. Asser Press, 2008, p. 155-160Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    Agirre, Antonio Cassese, Rolf Einar Fife, Håkan Friman, Christopher Hall, John T. Holmes, Hector Olasolo, Norul H. Rashid, Darryl Robinson, Elizabeth Wilmshurst and Andreas Zimmermann, Xabier
    Informal expert paper for the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court: ‘The principle of complementarity in practice’2003Report (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    Boutruche, Théo
    The Use of Depleted Uranium and the Principles of Distinction, Proportionality and Precaution2008In: Depleted Uranium Weapons and International Law: a Precautionary Approach / [ed] Avril McDonald, Jann K. Kleffner and Brigit Toebes, The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press, 2008, p. 125-153Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    J.A.C. Bevers, M. Boot, M.M. Dolman, A.M. van Gorp, P. Th. Hebly, N. Keijzer, H.A. Marquart Scholtz, C.H. van der Meij, E. van Sliedregt, G.F. Walgemoed and Zwanenburg, Marten
    Report by the Netherlands group on “The Compatibility of National Legal Systems with the Statute of the Permanent International Criminal Court (ICC)"2003Report (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    Kor, Gerben
    Complementary Views on Complementarity : proceedings of the International Roundtable on the Complementary Nature of the International Criminal Court, Amsterdam 25/26 June 20042006Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    McCormack, Tim
    Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law: Volume 92008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    McDonald, AvrilToebes, Brigit
    Depleted Uranium Weapons and International Law : A Precautionary Approach2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    Nollkaemper, André
    The Relationship between Internationalized Courts and National Courts2004In: Internationalized Criminal Courts: Sierra Leone, East Timor, Kosovo, and Cambodia / [ed] Cesare Romano, André Nollkaemper and Jann K. Kleffner, Oxford University Press, 2004, p. 359-378Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 39. Kleffner, Jann K.
    et al.
    Nollkaemper, André
    Ward, Ferdinandusse
    Originele of reproductie? : Internationale strafbaarstellingen in de Nederlandse Rechtsorde2002In: [Original or reproduction? International criminalisations in the Dutch legal order], NJA , 2002, no. 8, p. 341-349Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    Nystedt, Maria
    Axboe Nielsen, Christian
    A Handbook on Assisting International Criminal Investigations2011Book (Other academic)
  • 41. Kleffner, Jann K.
    et al.
    Romano, CesareNollkaemper, André
    Internationalized Criminal Courts: Sierra Leone, East Timor, Kosovo, and Cambodia2004Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 42. Kleffner, Jann K.
    et al.
    Stahn, Carsten
    Jus Post Bellum: Towards a Law of Transition from Conflict to Peace2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    Zegveld, Liesbeth
    Establishing an Individual Complaints Procedure for Violations of International Humanitarian Law2002In: Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, T.M.C. Asser Press, 2002, 3, p. 384-401Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Liwång, Hans
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division. Chalmers University of Technology.
    Ericson, Marika
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division. Uppsala University.
    Bang, Martin
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, Military-Technology Division. Finnish National Defence University.
    An examination of the implementation of risk based approaches in military operations2014In: Journal of Military Studies, ISSN 1799-3350, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 1-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today several nations utilise risk based approaches in military planning. However, the discussion on limitations with the approaches in regard to aspects such as uncertainties, the nature of the threat and risk to civilians is limited.

    The aim of this work is to identify important challenges when applying risk based approaches to military activity. This article discusses risk based approaches in general and their military applications. Five generic quality requirements on risk analysis are presented from research in risk philosophy. Two military application areas for risk analysis: military intelligence, and risk management in legal assessments are analysed in relation to the presented quality requirements on risk analysis.

    From the analysis it is clear that risk analysis is an integral part of the decision-making analysis and cannot be separated in time, space or organisationally from the decision-making process in general. Defining the scenario to analyse, including the time span, is a central task in risk analysis and will affect every aspect of the risk estimation. Therefore, the principles for scenario definition must be communicated and continuously updated throughout the organisation. Handling the uncertainties throughout the process is also important, especially if the aim is a resilient military system.

  • 45.
    Stenmark, Linus
    Swedish Defence University.
    Varför stannar soldater i Försvarsmakten?: En studie på 72:a kompaniet2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study was conducted on 72nd company at Livgardet in order to find out what motivators makes the soldiers stay. The material in the essay is based on an interview with soldiers from the 72nd company. The motivators are then categorized in the model Employee Motivation: A Powerful New Model. The model is based on human drives and I used as a tool for the analysis to identify lack of motivation in a working place. The study shows that the key motivators that make soldiers stay is: the opportunity to go on a peacekeeping mission and comrade/esprit de corps, the soldiers state that they will quit without these two essential motivators. Furthermore there are eight more motivators that have deep impact on the soldiers’ motivation to stay in service.

  • 46.
    Tunefjord, Joakim
    Swedish Defence University.
    Vilka skillnader finns i motivation mellan de armérekryter som tänker stanna i Försvarsmakten och de som inte tänker det?2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today’s Armed Forces are based on volunteers, recruits who choose to conduct a basic military training course called GMU. After basic training the recruits may choose to continue in the Armed Forces or not. This can cause a problem as recruits have the option to quit after the training if it doesn’t appeal or due to a lack of motivation to stay. The purpose of this study is to examine what motivates recruits within their work place and to clarify what separates the army recruits who wish to continue and those who quit. What is the difference in motivation between army recruits who wish to stay in the Armed Forces and those who plan not to? A survey based study is applied to find out what differences there are in the motivation between army recruits who wish to stay in the Armed Forces and those who chose to quit. 119 army recruits from Livgardet chose to complete the survey. The result shows that there are no major differences between those who chose to stay in the Armed Forces and those who chose to quit. The differences that do occur are that the recruits who chose to stay are motivated by an appealing balance of work and free time as well as the possibility of missions abroad.

     

  • 47.
    Wedin, Lars
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategy Section.
    Préface2009In: Les Îles Åland en mer Baltique.: Héritage et actualité d'un régime original / [ed] Matthieu Chillaud, Paris: l'Harmattan , 2009, p. 9-13Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Winther, Pontus
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Yttrandefrihetsgrundlagen och möjligheterna att möta påverkanskampanjer från främmande makt: Delrapport 2 (2016) på uppdrag av Myndigheten för Samhällsskydd och Beredskap2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Delstudien Yttrandefrihetsgrundlagen och möjligheterna att möta påverkan från främmande makt redogör övergripande för de möjligheter och begränsningar som yttrandefrihetsgrundlagen innebär för svenska myndigheter och andra allmänna organ att möta främmande påverkanskampanjer. Delstudien är den andra i studien Möta påverkan, som beställts av Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap (MSB).

  • 49.
    Winther, Pontus
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Appelgren, Jessica
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Lessons Identified Operation Atalanta2013Report (Other academic)
1 - 49 of 49
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