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  • 1.
    David, Eric
    et al.
    Université Libre de Bruxelles.
    Engdahl, Ola
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    How does the involvement of a multinational peacekeeping force affect the classification of a situation?2013In: International Review of the Red Cross, ISSN 1816-3831, E-ISSN 1607-5889, Vol. 95, no 891/892, p. 659-666Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ‘debate’ section of the Review aims at contributing to the reflection on current ethical, legal, or practical controversies around humanitarian issues.

    In this issue of the Review, we invited two experts in international humanitarian law (IHL) and multinational peace operations – Professor Eric David and Professor Ola Engdahl – to debate on the way in which the involvement of a multinational force may affect the classification of a situation. This question is particularly relevant to establishing whether the situation amounts to an armed conflict or not and, if so, whether the conflict is international or non-international in nature. This in turn will determine the rights and obligations of each party, especially in a context in which multinational forces are increasingly likely to participate in the hostilities.

  • 2.
    de Wet, Erika
    et al.
    Institute for International and Comparative Law in Africa, Faculty of Law, University of Pretoria, South Africa.
    Kleffner, Jann KSwedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Convergence and Conflicts of Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law in Military Operations2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Engdahl, Ola
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Folkrättsligt ansvar och svenska styrkors utövande av våld och tvång: vad innebär den svenska Irakinsatsen?2016In: Svensk Juristtidning, ISSN 0039-6591, no 1, p. 38-61Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Engdahl, Ola
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Protection of Human Rights and the Maintenance of International Peace and Security: Necessary Precondition or a Clash of Interests?2015In: Promoting Peace through International Law / [ed] Cecilia M. Bailiet & Kjetil Mujezinovic Larsen, Oxford University Press, 2015, p. 109-129Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Garraway, Charles
    et al.
    Human Rights Centre, University of Essex, UK.
    Kleffner, Jann
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Applicability and Application of International Humanitarian Law to Enforcement,  Peace Enforcement and Peace Operations2015In: The Handbook of the International Law of Military Operations / [ed] Terry Gill and Dieter Fleck, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, 2, p. 147-152Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Garraway, Charles
    et al.
    Human Rights Centre, University of Essex, UK.
    Kleffner, Jann
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    International Humanitarian Law in Self-Defence Operations2015In: The Handbook of the International Law of Military Operations / [ed] Terry Gill and Dieter Fleck, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, 2, p. 236-239Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Harrison Dinniss, Heather
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Cyber Operations in Outer Space2017In: Outer Space Law: Legal Policy and Practice / [ed] Yanal Abdul Failat and Anel Ferreira-Snyman, Woking, Surrey: Globe Law and Business , 2017, p. 323-333Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Harrison Dinniss, Heather
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Military Human Enhancement: Legal aspects of the use of human enhancement technologies by the armed forces2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The current focus on an ever-increasing sophistication of weapons systems usually overlooks efforts of states to enhance the physical and mental capabilities of human soldiers. While such techniques and technologies have a long history (e.g. the use of drugs and alcohol in order to overcome fear and fatigue; the use of night-vision goggles etc.), they have attained a new quality. For instance, certain armed forces are introducing wearable robotics suit (Powered exoskeletons). Furthermore, the development of military applications of brain-computer interfaces continues, which would allow for direct communication between a human brain and a computer – and eventually vice-versa. These technologies raise a number of pertinent international legal issues, such as: What are the potential consequences for compliance with the rules and principles of the law of armed conflict? What implications may such technologies have for the accountability of states and individuals? And what would the use of such technologies mean for the human rights of the human soldier?

  • 9.
    Harrison Dinniss, Heather
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Kleffner, Jann
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Soldier 2.0: Military Human Enhancement and International Law2016In: International Law Studies, ISSN 2375-2831, Vol. 92, p. 432-482Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Advances in technologies that could endow humans with physical or mental abilities that go beyond the statistically normal level of functioning are occurring at an incredible pace. The use of these human enhancement technologies by the military, for instance in the spheres of biotechnology, cybernetics and prosthetics, raise a number of questions under the international legal frameworks governing military technology, namely the law of armed conflict and human rights law. The article examines these frameworks with a focus on weapons law, the law pertaining to the detention of and by “enhanced individuals,” the human rights of those individuals and their responsibility for the actions they take while under the influence of enhancements.

  • 10.
    Hjorth, Ronnie
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section, Sektionen för säkerhetspolitik och strategi.
    Civil Association Across Borders: Law, Morality and Responsibility in the Post-Brexit Era2018In: Journal of International Political Theory, ISSN 1755-0882, E-ISSN 1755-1722, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 299-313Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Michael Oakeshott’s distinction between ‘civil association’ and ‘enterprise association’ has inspired international society theorists to conceive of international society as not just a ‘purposive association’ constructed by states to satisfy their interests but also as a ‘practical association’ providing formal and pragmatic rules that are not instrumental to particular goals of state policy. While this article is supportive of the Oakeshottian turn in international society theory, it suggests that somewhat different conclusions can be drawn from it. The article sketches out an alternative conception of international ‘civil association’, one that transcends the boundaries of communities. It is argued that such a notion of civil association is both possible and at the same time anchored in the experiences of the modern state. It is suggested that this notion of international civil association, when sustained by an adequate legal conception, promotes the enforcement of moral and political responsibility across borders. Finally, it is argued that European governments post-Brexit should strive to retain, as much as possible, the element of civil association present in European relations in order to preserve the civil condition, the rule of law, and in order to enhance political responsibility across borders.

  • 11.
    Kleffner, Jann
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Article 28: Retained Personnel2016In: Commentary on the First Geneva Convention: Convention (I) for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field / [ed] International Committee of the Red Cross, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016, p. 764-785Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Kleffner, Jann
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for International and Operational Law.
    Attacks against works or installations containing dangerous forces2018In: The Companion to International Humanitarian Law / [ed] Niccolò Pons & Drazan Djukić, Leiden: Brill Nijhoff, 2018, p. 205-207Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Kleffner, Jann
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Current Challenges in the Legal Regulation of the Means of Warfare2010In: Proceedings of the Bruges Colloquium: Technological Challenges for the Humanitarian Legal Framework, Bruges, Belgien: College of Europe , 2010, p. 13-20Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Kleffner, Jann
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law: General Issues2015In: The Handbook of the International Law of Military Operations / [ed] Terry Gill and Dieter Fleck, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, 2, p. 35-62Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Kleffner, Jann
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for International and Operational Law.
    Military Collaterals and Ius In Bello Proportionality2018In: Israel Yearbook on Human Rights / [ed] Yoram Dinstein, Brill Academic Publishers, 2018, Vol. 48, p. 43-61Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Kleffner, Jann
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Operational Detention and the Treatment of Detainees2015In: The Handbook of the International Law of Military Operations / [ed] Terry Gill and Dieter Fleck, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, 2, p. 518-532Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Kleffner, Jann
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Sources of the Law of Armed Conflict2016In: Routledge Handbook of the Law of Armed Conflict / [ed] Rain Liivoja, Tim McCormack, London / New York: Routledge, 2016, p. 71-88Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Kleffner, Jann
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for International and Operational Law.
    Superfluous injury or unnecessary suffering2018In: The Companion to International Humanitarian Law / [ed] Niccolò Pons & Drazan Djukić, Leiden: Brill Nijhoff, 2018, p. 669-672Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Kleffner, Jann
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum (upphört).
    The Applicability of the Law of Armed Conflict and Human Rights Law to Organised Armed Groups2014In: Convergence and Conflicts of Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law in Military Operations / [ed] Erika de Wet, Jann K. Kleffner, Pretoria: Pretoria University Law Press (PULP) , 2014, p. 49-64Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Kleffner, Jann
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    The Beneficiaries of the Rights Stemming from Common Article 32015In: The 1949 Geneva Conventions: A Commentary / [ed] Andrew Clapham, Paola Gaeta, Marco Sassoli (eds.), Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, p. 433-447Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Kleffner, Jann
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    The Conduct of Hostilities and International Humanitarian Law – Challenges of 21st Century Warfare2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The International Law Association Study Group on the Conduct of Hostilities in the 21st Century was established in 2011 and held its first meeting in 2012. The Study Group has explored numerous issues arising from the relationship between international humanitarian law (IHL) and international human rights law in the conduct of military operations, technological challenges posed by new weapons systems, and the basic principles of IHL in the conduct of hostilities. In 2015, the Study Group established three working groups focusing on core issues within IHL in relation to the conduct of hostilities in modern warfare. These working group topics were military objectives, the principle of proportionality, and precautions in attacks. Each of these working group reports contributed to this final report, which the Study Group presented at the 77th International Law Association Conference in Johannesburg, South Africa on August 7–11, 2016.

  • 22.
    Kleffner, Jann
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    The Legal Fog of an Illusion: Three Reflections on “Organization” and “Intensity” as Criteria for the Temporal Scope of the Lawof Non-International Armed Conflict2019In: International Law Studies, ISSN 2375-2831, E-ISSN 2299-3843, Vol. 95, p. 161-178Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The "organization" of the non-State armed group and the "intensity" of the violence between it and its opponent(s) have emerged as the two key criteria to determine the temporal scope of the law of non-international armed conflict. These criteria have served to lift the fog of law in some important respects. Yet, several aspects of the temporal scope of the law of non-international armed conflict remain unsettled. This article addresses three of them, namely the assertion that the factors for ascertaining organization and intensity that have evolved in the jurisprudence of international criminal courts and tribunals are indicative rather than determinative, to whom the criterion of organization is to be applied, and whether the requisite level of intensity of armed violence can be cumulative when multiple organized armed groups are pitted against each other and government forces even though the armed violence that arises in the bilateral relations between two opposing parties does not reach the requisite level of intensity.

  • 23.
    Kleffner, Jann
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    The protection of humanitarian personnel in IAC/NIAC: the law and current challenges2016In: The Distinction between International and Non-International Armed Conflicts: Challenges for IHL?: 38th Round Table on Current Issues of International Humanitarian Law (Sanremo, 3rd-5th September 2015) / [ed] Marchand, Carl & Beruto, Gian Luca, Milano: FrancoAngeli , 2016, p. 200-206Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Friend or Foe? On the Protective Reach of the Law of Armed Conflict2013In: Armed Conflict and International Law: In Search of the Human Face / [ed] Marielle Matthee, Brigit Toebes och Marcel Brus, The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press, 2013, p. 285-302Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Protection of the Wounded, Sick, and Shipwrecked2013In: The Handbook of International Humanitarian Law / [ed] Dieter Fleck, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013, 3, p. 321-358Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Scope of Application of Humanitarian Law2013In: The Handbook of International Humanitarian Law / [ed] Dieter Fleck (ed),, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013, 3, p. 43-78Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Kleffner, Jann K
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    The Scope of the Crimes Triggering the Responsibility to Protect2012In: Responsibility to Protect: From Principle to Practice / [ed] Julia Hoffmann, André Nollkaemper, Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2012, p. 85-91Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Kleffner, Jann K
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Towards a Functional Conceptualization of the Temporal Scope of Jus Post Bellum2014In: Jus Post Bellum: Mapping the Normative Foundations / [ed] Carsten Stahn, Jennifer S. Easterday, Jens Iverson, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014, p. 287-296Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Appelgren, Jessica
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Harrison Dinniss, Heather
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Frau, Robert
    Viadrina University Frankfurt/Oder.
    Unmanned Systems: Legal Aspects of the Use of Unmanned Systems in the Law of Armed Conflict and Human Rights Law2012Report (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Kleffner, Jann K.
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Harrison Dinniss, Heather
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Keeping the CyberPeace: International Legal Aspects of Cyber Activities in Peace Operations2013In: International Law Studies, ISSN 2375-2831, Vol. 89, p. 512-535Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Longworth, Sally
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Commentary: Admissibility challenge2014In: Annotated Leading Cases of International Criminal Tribunals: The International Criminal Court 2009 / [ed] André Klip och Steven Freeland, Antwerp: Intersentia, 2014, Vol. 41, p. 201-212Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Longworth, Sally
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Engdahl, Ola
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Strategiavdelningen med folkrättscentrum.
    Getting perspective: Incorporating a gender perspective in military operations and the impact on international humanitarian law2014Report (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Nollkaemper, André
    et al.
    University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
    Plakokefalos, IliasUtrecht University, The Netherlands.Schechinger, Jessica N. M.University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.Kleffner, JannSwedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    The Practice of Shared Responsibility in International Law: International Military Operations cluster2017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Palmcrantz, Conrad
    Swedish Defence University.
    When we see something that is well beyond our understanding: The duty of States to investigate war crimes and how it applies to autonomous weapons systems2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyses States’ duty to investigate grave breaches of humanitarian law and how it applies to deep reinforcement learning autonomous weapons. It identifies basic technologic intricacies related to deep reinforcement learning and discusses what issues may arise if such software is used in weapons systems. The thesis applies a legal doctrinal method to study how the technology could frustrate the grave breaches regime and hamper States’ ability to investigate suspected incidents. Furthermore, investigative standards under humanitarian law and human rights law are examined in the context of autonomous weapons systems.  The main argument is that deep reinforcement learning algorithms create a black box that is virtually impossible to investigate and consequently causes accountability issues. 

  • 35.
    Schmitt, Michael N.
    US Naval War College.
    Tallinn Manual on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Warfare: Prepared by the International Group of Experts at the invitation of the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The product of a three-year project by twenty renowned international law scholars and practitioners, the Tallinn Manual identifies the international law applicable to cyber warfare and sets out ninety-five 'black-letter rules' governing such conflicts. It addresses topics including sovereignty, State responsibility, the jus ad bellum, international humanitarian law, and the law of neutrality. An extensive commentary accompanies each rule, which sets forth the rule's basis in treaty and customary law, explains how the group of experts interpreted applicable norms in the cyber context, and outlines any disagreements within the group as to each rule's application.

  • 36.
    Schmitt, Michael N.
    et al.
    Naval War Collage; University of Exeter; NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence.
    Vihul, LiisNATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence.
    Tallinn Manual 2.0 on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Operations2017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 37. Weatherby, Pete
    et al.
    Longworth, Sally
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    The Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry: As One Season Ends, Does Another Begin?2010In: Yearbook on Islamic and Middle Eastern Law, Vol. 16, p. 91-109Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Winther, Pontus
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    Folkrättslig reglering av användandet av bländande laser2010Report (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Winther, Pontus
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Några rättsliga aspekter på strategiska psykologiska operationer2011Report (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Winther, Pontus
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    Rules of Engagement i fredsfrämjande insatser – en översikt2008Report (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Winther, Pontus
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    Rättslig reglering av psykologiska operationer i nationella insatser2010Report (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Winther, Pontus
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    Rättsliga aspekter på psykologiska operationer inom ramen för NATO International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) verksamhet i Afghanistan.: Delrapport 1 – internationell humanitär rätt och Rules of Engagement2008Report (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Winther, Pontus
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security and Strategic Studies (ISS), International Law Centre.
    Rättsliga aspekter på psykologiska operationer inom ramen för NATO International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) verksamhet i Afghanistan.: Delrapport 2 svensk rätt och mänskliga rättigheter2009Report (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Winther, Pontus
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), International Law Centre.
    Rättsliga aspekter på psykologiska operationer inom ramen för NATO International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) verksamhet i Afghanistan: Delrapport 3 – värdlandets rätt2009Report (Other academic)
1 - 44 of 44
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