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  • 1.
    Bergman, David
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Avdelningen för ledarskap och ledning i Stockholm.
    Law-Abiding Criminals: How a Group of Military Over-Interested Persons Became a Threat Against National Security2024Inngår i: Journal of Applied Security Research, ISSN 1936-1610, E-ISSN 1936-1629, s. 1-24Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The present case study examines a new form of security threat in the form of a network of “military over-interested persons” who tried to perform a mapping of Sweden’s classified military infrastructure. What makes them stand out is that they seem to have had no malicious intent, unlike the more frequently studied areas of spies and other insider threats. The results indicate that an obsessive military interest and a “perfect storm” of factors—individual risk factors, a toxic social network, and the false safety of a closed military web forum—allowed the individuals to commit serious crimes. Implications for the security of military organizations and future research are discussed.

  • 2.
    Brodrej, Pepule Majken
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Potential AI Application In The Swedish Army And Its Relation To The Holiness Of Life: A study of army officers' narratives on the military experience in the face of AI2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis examines army officer's view of the social implications of AI within the Swedish Army, as well as what is required of researchers to understand the implications of AI. The thesis is based on an interpretive study of the army officers' narrative and is supported by contemporary research on AI for military use. The theoretical framework includes ideas on social contracts, transrational sentiments, emotions (like love) as meaning making, human life as Holy and bounded rationality. The theme of the Holiness of human life opens up a discussion about the value of trust, hope and love within the activities of the Swedish Army. The analysis describes how the view of AI is partly positive, while simultaneously containing skepticism and fear that technical optimism will lead to a destructive use of it. Participants in the study describe AI's rationality in contrast to human rationality, and war is presented as a non-rational social process. This leads the study to an interpretation of the meaning of the officers distancing and fear towards AI. It addresses the risks of a higher AI usage rate in war, which include; decision makers loss of credibility, devaluation of life and the appearance of war as nonsensical and meaningless, which could contribute to an indifference towards human life and suffering. The conclusion addresses human life as a human responsibility because its meaning and value is socially constructed, the benefits of exploring AI capabilities and the significance of understanding the social culture where the AI is to be used - as it affects the application outcome.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Potential AI application in the Swedish Army and its relation to the Holiness of Life - Pepule Brodrej
  • 3.
    Engelkes, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Avdelningen för ledarskap och ledning i Stockholm.
    Hedlund, Erik
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Avdelningen för ledarskap och ledning i Stockholm.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Avdelningen för ledarskap och ledning i Karlstad.
    Loyal to the end: Examining the meaning of loyalty among high-ranking military officers2023Inngår i: Res Militaris, E-ISSN 2265-6294, Vol. 13, nr 3, s. 936-953Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Organizations need co-workers who are committed to common goals and that are loyal to the core values of the organization.[1] The conscious fostering of organizational core values is seen as an important tool in creating loyal co-workers and hence an effective organization.[2] Professions with a strong vocational calling such as medicine (Kallin, 2010), the police (Ewin, 1990 ; Foust, 2018) or the military[3] have particular demands on loyalty to certain core values, and individuals are expected to adopt these as their own. However, organizational core values can be contradictive (Billig, 1988) and sometimes in conflict with the individual´s own core values which – when incompatible – can in turn cause severe moral stress and mental illness.[4] This implies a need for clarification about what is expected from members of an organization concerning the objectives and manifestations of core values. In terms of loyalty, the military profession is possibly one of the most demanding, expecting individuals to risk their own lives and to kill other human beings for the benefit of the organizational goals. However, since misplaced loyalty can cause destructive,[5] and unethical behaviour[6] with enormous consequences – especially in the military (Winslow, 1998) – there is a need to be clear about what kind of loyalty behaviour is constructive and vice versa. Although loyalty is a concept that seems to be defined in many different ways, the number of studies of loyalty and its meaning are quite limited - especially in military research.[7] The overall purpose of this study is to broaden understanding of the meaning of loyalty within the military. Because important core values of an organization are set – or strongly influenced[8] – by its leaders,[9] the aim of this study was to explore how high-ranking officers in the Swedish Armed Forces (SAF) give meaning to their own personal experiences of loyalty and to describe possible common patterns within the participant group.

     [1] Wieseke, Alavi & Habel, 2014.[2] Berghaus & Cartagena, 2013.[3] Huntington, 1985 ; Moskos & Wood, 1988 ; Kirkhaug, 2009 ; Olsthoorn, 2011 ; Beard, 2014.[4] Molendijk, Kramer & Verweij, 2018.[5] Gabriel, 1982 ; Connor, 2010.)[6] Umphress & Bingham, 2011.[7] Olsthoorn, 2011 ; Connor, Andrews, Noack-Lundberg & Wadham, 2019.[8] Larsson, Haerem, Sjöberg, Alvinius & Bakken, 2007.[9] Fergusson & Milliman, 2008 ; Oh, Cho & Lim, 2018.

  • 4.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    The development and consequences of trust in Irregular warfare2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 5.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum. Karlstads universitet.
    Sjöberg, Misa
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum. Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för ledarskap och management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum. Department of Leadership Development, Royal Norwegian Naval Academy, Bergen, Norway.
    Eid, Jarle
    Department of Psychosocial Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Kjellevold Olsen, Olav
    Department of Leadership Development, Royal Norwegian Naval Academy, Bergen, Norway.
    Trust in a military context: What contributes to trust in superior and subordinate leaders2013Inngår i: Journal of Trust Research, ISSN 2151-5581, E-ISSN 2151-559X, Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 125-145Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to explore which components military personnel in peacekeeping operations perceive as contributing to trust in their superior and subordinate leaders during international or national operations or exercises. Data were collected among 591 military officers and cadets from Norway and Sweden using a questionnaire with open-ended questions. Two superior categories emerged: Individual-Related Characteristics and Communication- and Relationship-Related Characteristics. The former is made up of the higher-level categories Personal attributes and Experience and competence. The latter is derived from the higher-level categories Consideration and inspiration and Effective communication. In turn, all higher-level categories are underpinned by a number of subcategories (13 altogether). When comparing trust in superior leaders with trust in subordinate leaders, the results show that trust in superiors is characterised to a greater extent by Communication- and Relationship-related characteristics and also by Experience and professional knowledge. Trust in subordinate leaders is characterised to a greater extent by Personal attributes and Management competence.

  • 6.
    Fors, Maria
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Destructive leadership: An international comparison2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The vast majority of leadership studies have focused on positive aspects such as how leadership can contribute to organisational effectiveness, individual work satisfaction, etc. In an attempt to capture real leadership processes, and thus to avoid a long time one-sided focus upon the positive aspects of leadership, an evaluation form of destructive leadership behaviours, Destrudo-L, was developed. This instrument comprises five factors measuring destructive leader behaviours: (1) Arrogant, unfair (2) Threats, punishments, over-demands (3) Ego-oriented, false (4) Passive, cowardly, and (5) Uncertain, unclear, messy.

  • 7.
    Jonsson, Lars
    Försvarshögskolan.
    BARNEN OCH JAG HAR LÅNAT UT DIG TILL ARBETSGIVAREN: En kvalitativ studie om hur officerens psykosociala miljö påverkas av de anhöriga vid internationell insats och hur det framtida anhörigstödet kan utformas.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Många anhöriga till officerare som tjänstgjort i internationell insats har upplevt negativa fysiska och psykiska besvär under och efter insatsen. Men hur påverkar detta officeren när denne ska återgå till det ordinarie arbetet eller åka på nästa insats, sett från en psykosocial arbetsmiljöaspekt? Och förändras detta med anledning av de nya lagstadgade kraven om tjänstgö-ringsskyldighet och uppföljningsansvar? Detta handlar en del av studien om. Den andra delen av studien beskriver hur ett framtida anhörigstöd kan utformas, kopplat till de nya kraven.

    Studien syftar till att ge en ökad förståelse till att officer och anhöriga tillsammans utgör en ge-mensam social ordning och att ge underlag till fortsatt forskning. Vidare syftar studien till att bidra med konkreta förslag till anhörigstöd till myndigheter och organisationer som idag arbetar med det.

    Studiens empiri erhålls genom djupintervjuer med sex långvariga partner till officerare som kom-pletteras med textempiri.

    Studien påvisar att det finns tendens till ett meningssamband mellan anhörigas upplevda välbefin-nande och officerens psykosociala arbetsmiljö. Studien föreslår vidare att det framtida anhörigstö-det utformas utifrån principerna erfarenhetsbaserat, flexibelt och tillgängligt, där en begränsad del föreslås bli obligatoriskt.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 8.
    Lindh, Philip
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Military Leadership and Technology: In which ways do military leaders perceive technology as support or limitation in their leadership?2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate how technology, in broad meaning, is perceived as supporting or limiting in conducting military leadership. Implementation and advancement of new technology has affected the whole military organization in everything from firepower to IT-systems. The environment which the military operates in is lethal, complex and have a high degree of variety and puts an extra burden on military leaders who must have the recourses to be able to execute different missions in conditions which can rapidly change. Military leaders from the Swedish Armed Forces were interviewed regarding perceived supporting and limiting factors in military leadership caused by technology. Technology in itself was not perceived to limit or support leadership, but rather the consequence of its implementation. The perceived supporting factors were; calmness due to the feeling of more control and easiness to communicate with subordinates. The perceived limiting factors were risk of micro-management due to increased overview of subordinates, feeling of not being adequate, administrative technological systems and access to more “irrelevant” information. A contemporary military leader needs to both trust their subordinates and not micromanage but also use their critical thinking to understand what is relevant and what is not.

    Keywords: leadership, perception, technology, military leadership, Swedish Armed Forces

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 9.
    Schüler, Martin
    Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Avdelningen för ledningsvetenskap och militärteknik (ALM), Ledningssektionen (Ledn). Högskolan Väst.
    Vad är det som händer?2020Inngår i: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, nr 1, s. 176-180Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article the author identifies an educational problem. Officers lack the education toperform normal everyday work and to learn from large field exercises. By using previouslycollected quantitative data from a different study a mean value of seven days of educationis currently allocated to handle the normal work routines. Qualitative data have also beencollected from observations from military exercises. The article presents a brief presentationof the history of activity theory as a theoretical framework. Yrjö Engeströms third generationactivity theory is then used to analyze and design a new system for the military educationfor Swedish officer. The design focuses on four documents officers create in their profession:battle plans, risk analysis, educational plans and directives. The proposed new design for theeducation ties the military academic education together with work experience and militaryinhouse courses seeing the military education as a whole.

  • 10.
    Svanberg, Philip
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Officersprogrammets etik- och moralutbildning: En idealtypsanalys2021Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    With the continuation of Swedish Armed Forces personnel deployed in international service and the increase of national defence focus with new units being created, the average age of cadets enrolling in officers school is decreasing. Studies have previously shown that ethics and morals are linked to cognitive development, and cognitive development linked to age and education.

    The Neo-Kohlbergian Schema theory defines three general schemas of ethical and moral decision making. Where Postconventional schema is considered most beneficial for military officers, but the military culture seems to promote the Maintaining norms schema.

    This study is examining the regulating documents from the statute from the government, the program directions from the university, to individual courses programs and descriptions. In order to examine how the ethics and moral education in the Swedish officers school relates to the Neo-Kohlbergian schema theory.

    The study concludes that the education promotes both the Maintaining norms and Postconventional schemas rather equally with some aspects tending more to the maintaining norms schema while other tends more to the postconventional schema. Meaning that the cadets are given multiple tools to combat ethical and moral dilemmas, but by not focusing on one schema the speed in decision making is halted.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 11.
    Svensson, Jennifer
    Försvarshögskolan.
    Utvecklande ledarskap i historien: En studie i nutida militär ledarskapsteori under Senkarolinsk tid2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie behandlar ämnet ledarskap och inriktar sig på den militära ledarskapsteorin Utvecklande ledarskap.  Uppsatsen syftar till att undersöka om Karl XII:s framgångar som ledare kan förklaras genom en modern ledarskapsteori såsom Utvecklande ledarskap. Detta görs genom att undersöka om de eftersträvansvärda ledarkaraktäristika som nämns i Utvecklande ledarskap även går att finna i återberättelser om Karl XII:s ledarskap under den Senkarolinska tiden.

    Teorin Utvecklande ledarskap har analyserats gentemot dess föregångare Transformational leadership för att få en djupare förståelse för vad den utvecklande ledarskapsteorin innebär samt öka utbudet på beskrivningar av eftersträvansvärda ledaregenskaper. Här identifieras tre kännetecken som sammanfattar teorins önskvärda ledaregenskaper: Föredöme, Personlig omtanke samt Inspiration och motivation.

    Dessa kännetecken prövas sedan mot återberättelser av Karl XII:s ledarskap för att påvisa att många av de önskvärda ledaregenskaper som nämns i de moderna ledarskapsteorierna även gick att finna i Karl XII:s ledarskap. Resultatet av studien blev att många av de karaktärsdrag som nämns i Utvecklande ledarskap också gick att finna hos Karl XII med skillnaden att innebörden av begreppen ändrats på grund av kulturella och religiösa förändringar med tiden. En sista skillnad är att dessa karaktärsdrag inte var nedtecknade i en teoretisk modell under den Senkarolinska tiden, då Karl XII regerade, vilket försvårade transferering och utbildning i ämnet.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
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