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  • 1.
    Bergman, David
    Swedish Defence University, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Leadership and Command & Control Division Stockholm.
    Law-Abiding Criminals: How a Group of Military Over-Interested Persons Became a Threat Against National Security2024In: Journal of Applied Security Research, ISSN 1936-1610, E-ISSN 1936-1629, p. 1-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present case study examines a new form of security threat in the form of a network of “military over-interested persons” who tried to perform a mapping of Sweden’s classified military infrastructure. What makes them stand out is that they seem to have had no malicious intent, unlike the more frequently studied areas of spies and other insider threats. The results indicate that an obsessive military interest and a “perfect storm” of factors—individual risk factors, a toxic social network, and the false safety of a closed military web forum—allowed the individuals to commit serious crimes. Implications for the security of military organizations and future research are discussed.

  • 2.
    Brodrej, Pepule Majken
    Swedish Defence University.
    Potential AI Application In The Swedish Army And Its Relation To The Holiness Of Life: A study of army officers' narratives on the military experience in the face of AI2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis examines army officer's view of the social implications of AI within the Swedish Army, as well as what is required of researchers to understand the implications of AI. The thesis is based on an interpretive study of the army officers' narrative and is supported by contemporary research on AI for military use. The theoretical framework includes ideas on social contracts, transrational sentiments, emotions (like love) as meaning making, human life as Holy and bounded rationality. The theme of the Holiness of human life opens up a discussion about the value of trust, hope and love within the activities of the Swedish Army. The analysis describes how the view of AI is partly positive, while simultaneously containing skepticism and fear that technical optimism will lead to a destructive use of it. Participants in the study describe AI's rationality in contrast to human rationality, and war is presented as a non-rational social process. This leads the study to an interpretation of the meaning of the officers distancing and fear towards AI. It addresses the risks of a higher AI usage rate in war, which include; decision makers loss of credibility, devaluation of life and the appearance of war as nonsensical and meaningless, which could contribute to an indifference towards human life and suffering. The conclusion addresses human life as a human responsibility because its meaning and value is socially constructed, the benefits of exploring AI capabilities and the significance of understanding the social culture where the AI is to be used - as it affects the application outcome.

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    Potential AI application in the Swedish Army and its relation to the Holiness of Life - Pepule Brodrej
  • 3.
    Engelkes, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Leadership and Command & Control Division Stockholm.
    Hedlund, Erik
    Swedish Defence University, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Leadership and Command & Control Division Stockholm.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Leadership and Command & Control Division Karlstad.
    Loyal to the end: Examining the meaning of loyalty among high-ranking military officers2023In: Res Militaris, E-ISSN 2265-6294, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 936-953Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Organizations need co-workers who are committed to common goals and that are loyal to the core values of the organization.[1] The conscious fostering of organizational core values is seen as an important tool in creating loyal co-workers and hence an effective organization.[2] Professions with a strong vocational calling such as medicine (Kallin, 2010), the police (Ewin, 1990 ; Foust, 2018) or the military[3] have particular demands on loyalty to certain core values, and individuals are expected to adopt these as their own. However, organizational core values can be contradictive (Billig, 1988) and sometimes in conflict with the individual´s own core values which – when incompatible – can in turn cause severe moral stress and mental illness.[4] This implies a need for clarification about what is expected from members of an organization concerning the objectives and manifestations of core values. In terms of loyalty, the military profession is possibly one of the most demanding, expecting individuals to risk their own lives and to kill other human beings for the benefit of the organizational goals. However, since misplaced loyalty can cause destructive,[5] and unethical behaviour[6] with enormous consequences – especially in the military (Winslow, 1998) – there is a need to be clear about what kind of loyalty behaviour is constructive and vice versa. Although loyalty is a concept that seems to be defined in many different ways, the number of studies of loyalty and its meaning are quite limited - especially in military research.[7] The overall purpose of this study is to broaden understanding of the meaning of loyalty within the military. Because important core values of an organization are set – or strongly influenced[8] – by its leaders,[9] the aim of this study was to explore how high-ranking officers in the Swedish Armed Forces (SAF) give meaning to their own personal experiences of loyalty and to describe possible common patterns within the participant group.

     [1] Wieseke, Alavi & Habel, 2014.[2] Berghaus & Cartagena, 2013.[3] Huntington, 1985 ; Moskos & Wood, 1988 ; Kirkhaug, 2009 ; Olsthoorn, 2011 ; Beard, 2014.[4] Molendijk, Kramer & Verweij, 2018.[5] Gabriel, 1982 ; Connor, 2010.)[6] Umphress & Bingham, 2011.[7] Olsthoorn, 2011 ; Connor, Andrews, Noack-Lundberg & Wadham, 2019.[8] Larsson, Haerem, Sjöberg, Alvinius & Bakken, 2007.[9] Fergusson & Milliman, 2008 ; Oh, Cho & Lim, 2018.

  • 4.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    The development and consequences of trust in Irregular warfare2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum. Karlstads universitet.
    Sjöberg, Misa
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum. Swedish Defence University, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum. Department of Leadership Development, Royal Norwegian Naval Academy, Bergen, Norway.
    Eid, Jarle
    Department of Psychosocial Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Kjellevold Olsen, Olav
    Department of Leadership Development, Royal Norwegian Naval Academy, Bergen, Norway.
    Trust in a military context: What contributes to trust in superior and subordinate leaders2013In: Journal of Trust Research, ISSN 2151-5581, E-ISSN 2151-559X, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 125-145Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to explore which components military personnel in peacekeeping operations perceive as contributing to trust in their superior and subordinate leaders during international or national operations or exercises. Data were collected among 591 military officers and cadets from Norway and Sweden using a questionnaire with open-ended questions. Two superior categories emerged: Individual-Related Characteristics and Communication- and Relationship-Related Characteristics. The former is made up of the higher-level categories Personal attributes and Experience and competence. The latter is derived from the higher-level categories Consideration and inspiration and Effective communication. In turn, all higher-level categories are underpinned by a number of subcategories (13 altogether). When comparing trust in superior leaders with trust in subordinate leaders, the results show that trust in superiors is characterised to a greater extent by Communication- and Relationship-related characteristics and also by Experience and professional knowledge. Trust in subordinate leaders is characterised to a greater extent by Personal attributes and Management competence.

  • 6.
    Fors, Maria
    et al.
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Nilsson, Sofia
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
    Destructive leadership: An international comparison2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The vast majority of leadership studies have focused on positive aspects such as how leadership can contribute to organisational effectiveness, individual work satisfaction, etc. In an attempt to capture real leadership processes, and thus to avoid a long time one-sided focus upon the positive aspects of leadership, an evaluation form of destructive leadership behaviours, Destrudo-L, was developed. This instrument comprises five factors measuring destructive leader behaviours: (1) Arrogant, unfair (2) Threats, punishments, over-demands (3) Ego-oriented, false (4) Passive, cowardly, and (5) Uncertain, unclear, messy.

  • 7.
    Jonsson, Lars
    Swedish Defence University.
    BARNEN OCH JAG HAR LÅNAT UT DIG TILL ARBETSGIVAREN: En kvalitativ studie om hur officerens psykosociala miljö påverkas av de anhöriga vid internationell insats och hur det framtida anhörigstödet kan utformas.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A lot of relatives to officers who has served in international operations have been af-fected by negative physical and psychological impacts. But in what way has this affected the officer when it’s time to readjust to the normal work or when preparing the next mission from a psychosocial working environment point-of-view? And does this change in accordance with new Swedish laws of official duty and rehabilitation responsibility? That´s the first issue in the essay. The other issue covers how the future Swedish relative support can be designed.

    The essay has shown a tendency to causality between the relatives’ perception of well-being and the officer´s psychosocial working environment. Further, the essay proposes that future relative support shall be based on the principles previous experienced, flexibility and availability with a limited mandatory part.

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  • 8.
    Lindh, Philip
    Swedish Defence University.
    Military Leadership and Technology: In which ways do military leaders perceive technology as support or limitation in their leadership?2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate how technology, in broad meaning, is perceived as supporting or limiting in conducting military leadership. Implementation and advancement of new technology has affected the whole military organization in everything from firepower to IT-systems. The environment which the military operates in is lethal, complex and have a high degree of variety and puts an extra burden on military leaders who must have the recourses to be able to execute different missions in conditions which can rapidly change. Military leaders from the Swedish Armed Forces were interviewed regarding perceived supporting and limiting factors in military leadership caused by technology. Technology in itself was not perceived to limit or support leadership, but rather the consequence of its implementation. The perceived supporting factors were; calmness due to the feeling of more control and easiness to communicate with subordinates. The perceived limiting factors were risk of micro-management due to increased overview of subordinates, feeling of not being adequate, administrative technological systems and access to more “irrelevant” information. A contemporary military leader needs to both trust their subordinates and not micromanage but also use their critical thinking to understand what is relevant and what is not.

    Keywords: leadership, perception, technology, military leadership, Swedish Armed Forces

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  • 9.
    Schüler, Martin
    Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Command and Control Section. Högskolan Väst.
    Vad är det som händer?2020In: Kungl Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift, ISSN 0023-5369, no 1, p. 176-180Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article the author identifies an educational problem. Officers lack the education toperform normal everyday work and to learn from large field exercises. By using previouslycollected quantitative data from a different study a mean value of seven days of educationis currently allocated to handle the normal work routines. Qualitative data have also beencollected from observations from military exercises. The article presents a brief presentationof the history of activity theory as a theoretical framework. Yrjö Engeströms third generationactivity theory is then used to analyze and design a new system for the military educationfor Swedish officer. The design focuses on four documents officers create in their profession:battle plans, risk analysis, educational plans and directives. The proposed new design for theeducation ties the military academic education together with work experience and militaryinhouse courses seeing the military education as a whole.

  • 10.
    Svanberg, Philip
    Swedish Defence University.
    Officersprogrammets etik- och moralutbildning: En idealtypsanalys2021Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the continuation of Swedish Armed Forces personnel deployed in international service and the increase of national defence focus with new units being created, the average age of cadets enrolling in officers school is decreasing. Studies have previously shown that ethics and morals are linked to cognitive development, and cognitive development linked to age and education.

    The Neo-Kohlbergian Schema theory defines three general schemas of ethical and moral decision making. Where Postconventional schema is considered most beneficial for military officers, but the military culture seems to promote the Maintaining norms schema.

    This study is examining the regulating documents from the statute from the government, the program directions from the university, to individual courses programs and descriptions. In order to examine how the ethics and moral education in the Swedish officers school relates to the Neo-Kohlbergian schema theory.

    The study concludes that the education promotes both the Maintaining norms and Postconventional schemas rather equally with some aspects tending more to the maintaining norms schema while other tends more to the postconventional schema. Meaning that the cadets are given multiple tools to combat ethical and moral dilemmas, but by not focusing on one schema the speed in decision making is halted.

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  • 11.
    Svensson, Jennifer
    Swedish Defence University.
    Utvecklande ledarskap i historien: En studie i nutida militär ledarskapsteori under Senkarolinsk tid2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about leadership and directed towards the modern leadership theory Developmental leadership. The paper tries to explain some of Karl XII’s success as a leader by examining if he followed some of the principles of Developmental leadership. This is done by researching if the desirable leadership traits mentioned in Developmental leadership can also be found in narrations of Karl XII’s leadership during the late Carolinian times.

    The theory of Developmental leadership has been analyzed in relation to its progenitor Transformational leadership in order to get a deeper understanding for what Developmental leadership means and increase the range of descriptions of desirable leadership traits. Three characteristics are identified that summarize the desirable traits of the theories: Role model behavior, Personal care and Inspiration and motivation.

    These characteristics are then tested against narrations of Karl XII’s leadership to prove that many of the desirable leadership traits mentioned in modern leadership theories also were to be found in Karl XII’s leadership. The results of the study was that many of the traits mentioned in Developmental leadership also were found in Karl XII’s leadership, though different in regards to the meaning of some of the traits that has been altered due to cultural and religious changes by time. One last difference is that these traits and characteristics not were written down as a theoretical model during the late Carolinian times, when Karl XII ruled, which hampered the transference of knowledge and education on the field of study.

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1 - 11 of 11
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