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Realist-Normative power Europe?: explaining the EU policies towards Lebanon from an IR perspective
Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard University, USA.
2011 (English)In: Comparative European Politics, ISSN 1472-4790, E-ISSN 1740-388X, Vol. 9, no 5, 562-580 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article seeks to explain the relationship between the European Union (EU) and one of its Middle Eastern neighbors: Lebanon. By conducting an in-depth empirical single case study and engaging in competitive theory testing, this article shows that the EU in Lebanon behaves at the same time as a normative and a realist power. This article challenges both the scholarship on the EU that sees the EU as a normative power as well as scholarship that focuses on structural neorealism to explain the EU's role in its neighborhood. This article adopts an approach that is different from the mainstream approaches in two ways. First, it focuses on the entire set of policies that the EU has implemented or not in Lebanon. Second, it provides an in-depth case study centered on the interaction between the EU and Lebanon, while also looking at the regional dynamics and at the domestic tensions within Lebanon. By doing so, it shows that the EU is a ‘realist-normative’ power in the specific case of Lebanon. Thus, these two frameworks are a false dichotomy and the argument shall be tested on other cases to make it generalizable. This suggests that the constructivist-realist divide coexists in practice

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 9, no 5, 562-580 p.
Keyword [en]
Lebanon; IR; structural realism; normative; ethnography; European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP)
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5210DOI: 10.1057/cep.2011.17OAI: diva2:780536
Available from: 2015-01-14 Created: 2015-01-14 Last updated: 2015-05-28Bibliographically approved

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Ruffa, Chiara
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