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Indelta inkomster: En studie av det militära löneindelningsverket 1721-1833
Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division. Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
2014 (Swedish)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study is to examine the newer Military Allotment Establishment and thereby to elucidatein detail one of the linchpins of the redistribution system of the Swedish state. The question beingresearched is how this resource-system functioned in practice in Sweden during the 1721–1833 period.

The Allotment Establishment was one of the cornerstones of the Swedish state: substantial parts ofboth the military forces and the civil administration were paid and maintained by it. It was thus a largeand important societal institution. Its “heyday” overlapped with a time of relatively extensive economictransformation. However we currently have major gaps in our understanding of how the system worked inpractice. This study of the Allotment Establishment thus provides key insights into how an important partof the early modern Swedish state functioned. The study has been conducted through a comparison betweenfour allotted infantry regiments, located in four regions with different economic conditions.

The Military Allotment Establishment performed in a heterogeneous way. In some areas, the salariesit provided were high, whereas in other they were less beneficial. This was due to the fact that thecomposition of the allocated taxes varied. Taxes paid in cash were sensitive to inflation, taxes paid ingrain were the most favourable ones. Other reasons had to do with differing agricultural developments,where the revenue from allotted farms in some areas developed more positively than others over time.These differences increased over time. It has also been shown that the allotment farms were run indifferent ways in different parts of the realm. In Uppland, a grain producing region home to manymanors, these farms were generally leased out, whereas in Västerbotten, a more peripheral region dominatedby husbandry, they were often run by their allotment holders. One central finding is that thesystem as such was heavily market integrated. This result implies that the rationality behind the systemmight not, as previously has been assumed; necessarily have to do with the structure of the output ofthe Swedish economy, but rather with limitations in the fiscal organisation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2014. , 241 p.
Series
Studia Historica Upsaliensia, ISSN 0081-6531 ; 250
Keyword [en]
Early Modern Economic History, Early Modern Military History, Military Allotment Establishment, Resource System, Redistribution, Salary System, In kind payment, Taxation, Market Integration, Alloted Farms, Tenants, Leaseholders, Officers, Älvsborg, Uppland, Dalecarlia, Västerbotten
National Category
History
Research subject
Historia med inriktning mot militärhistoria
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5042ISBN: 978-91-554-9002-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-5042DiVA: diva2:771157
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation, P2010:134
Available from: 2014-12-12 Created: 2014-12-12 Last updated: 2015-06-04Bibliographically approved

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