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From Protection of Shipping to Protection of Citizens and National Economies: Current Changes in Maritime Security
Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division, Sektionen för marina operationer (KV Marin).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8073-5581
2013 (English)In: Journal of Defence Studies, ISSN 0976-1004, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 57-80Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article analyses the alteration of the referent object for maritime security from protection of shipping and port facilities to protection of citizens and national economies. It presents a tentative answer on the extent and consequences of this alteration applied by states in a global perspective, and focuses on validating four explanatory factors on why the alteration has occurred. The time period of study is between 1991 and 2013. Its results illustrate a transition in states’ security policies from traditional expressions of maritime security to broader security perspectives, and also indicates radically altered maritime strategic perspectives among states.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New Delhi: Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses , 2013. Vol. 7, no 3, p. 57-80
Keywords [en]
Maritime security, shipping, terrorism, crime, piracy, UNCLOS
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-4265OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-4265DiVA, id: diva2:679152
Available from: 2013-12-13 Created: 2013-12-13 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Continuity and Change in post-Cold War Maritime Security: A Study of the Strategies Pursued by the US, Sweden and Finland 1991-2016
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Continuity and Change in post-Cold War Maritime Security: A Study of the Strategies Pursued by the US, Sweden and Finland 1991-2016
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

What explains continuity and change in post-Cold War maritime security strategies? What lessons can we learn from the employment of such comprehensive grand strategies in maritime regions where traditional and non-traditional threats converge? While many scholars have addressed particular maritime security issues, this author joins the few who engage themselves in the study of the conceptual development of maritime security.

Through the lens of structural realism, this thesis examines the logic of the maritime security strategies employed in two distinguished regions by the US and EU member states Finland and Sweden. It concludes that while their maritime security concept remains broad, the recent increase in security pressure has renewed the priority assigned to the military sector of security. Navies are thus re-using the measures implemented by a broad set of civil agencies and the shipping industry to improve maritime security, to gain the level of maritime domain awareness required for establishing regional sea control and project power from the sea.

Abstract [sv]

Vad förklarar kontinuitet och förändring i staters maritima säkerhetsstrategier efter det kalla krigets slut? Vilka lärdomar kan vi dra av deras implementering av allomfattande säkerhetsstrategier i maritima regioner där traditionella och icke-traditionella hot sammanfaller? 

Medan många forskare valt att fokusera på specifika maritima säkerhetsproblem som piratverksamhet, terrorism eller smuggling av droger och människor, förenar denna avhandlings författare sig med det fåtal som engagerat sig i studiet av begreppet maritim säkerhets konceptuella utveckling. Genom en teoretisk lins av strukturell realism undersöker författaren av denna avhandling logiken bakom de maritima säkerhetsstrategier som implementerats av USA respektive EU-länderna Finland och Sverige i Ost- och Sydostasien samt i Östersjön. 

I avhandlingen dras slutsatsen att medan dessa staters maritima säkerhetskoncept permanent breddats till att omfatta hot inom olika säkerhetssektorer, innebär de senaste årens ökade säkerhetstryck att hot inom den militära säkerhetssektorn åter prioriteras. De undersökta staternas marinstridskrafter drar därmed nytta av den mångfald av maritima säkerhetsåtgärder som implementerats av civila myndigheter och sjöfartsindustrin i syfte att förbättra maritim säkerhet för handelssjöfart, främja miljöskydd och möjliggöra exploatering av maritima naturresurser, till att upprätta militär kontroll över viktiga havsområden samt projicera militär makt från havet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Åbo: Åbo Akademis Press, 2017. p. 288
Keywords
Maritime, security, power, influence, cooperation, Baltic Sea, East China Sea, South China Sea, Finland, Sweden, US
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7140 (URN)9789521236020 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-11-30, Akadenisalen, Strandgatan 2, Vasa, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

Docent Steve Lindberg utgjorde min handledare vid Åbo Akademi till och med sin pensionering år 2016.

Professor Göran Djupsund utgjorde min handledare vid Åbo Akademi från och med 2016.

Professor Jerker Widén utgjorde min utsedde biträdande handledare vid Försvarshögskolan.

Available from: 2017-12-05 Created: 2017-12-05 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved

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