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Psychological characteristics of Swedish mandatory enlisted soldiers volunteering and not volunteering for international missions: an exploratory study
Swedish National Defence College, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
2013 (English)In: Psychological Reports, ISSN 0033-2941, E-ISSN 1558-691X, Vol. 112, no 2, p. 678-688Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to assess personality traits, psychological fitness, and hardiness among conscript soldiers volunteering for international missions (n = 146), by comparing them with conscripts from the same year class and unit who did not apply for international missions (n = 275). The sample consisted of all mandatory enlisted soldiers assigned to a supply and maintenance regiment. There were no demographic differences between the groups. The volunteers reported greater stress tolerance, concern for others, extraversion, and self-confidence than the non-volunteers. There were no differences between the groups in orderliness, temper instability, or independence. Volunteers repeatedly reported greater psychological fitness for military missions and greater hardiness over the period of military service compared to the non-volunteers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 112, no 2, p. 678-688
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-4097DOI: 10.2466/17.02.PR0.112.2.678-688ISI: 000319334200029OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-4097DiVA, id: diva2:634505
Available from: 2013-07-01 Created: 2013-07-01 Last updated: 2018-03-26Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. We want you as our new recruit: Prerequisites for recruitment to and retention in the Swedish Armed Forces
Open this publication in new window or tab >>We want you as our new recruit: Prerequisites for recruitment to and retention in the Swedish Armed Forces
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this thesis was to study the prerequisites for the Swedish Armed Forces (SAF) in order to recruit sufficient numbers of suitable individuals to the organization, and to retain those within the organization.

The thesis comprises three studies (Study 1-3) where Study One comprises data gathered, with a longitudinal design, when Sweden relied on conscription for the manning of the Armed Forces. Results show that those wanting to do international military service assessed themselves higher for required qualities than those individuals not volunteering for international military service. Study Two shows that job satisfaction, according to Hackman and Oldham´s Job satisfaction model, is higher when job characteristics are good, and they in turn affect the Critical Psychological States, as proposed by Hackman and Oldham. Study Three indicates that there is a relation between performance orientation, job characteristics, job satisfaction and retention. In sum, this thesis suggests that there are different incentives for recruiting and retaining personnel to a conscripted force, and an all-volunteer force. Furthermore, the thesis indicates that an all-volunteer force concept is not the best way of manning the armed forces, for Sweden and countries with similar society, size and likewise a critical geopolitical position. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2018. p. 71
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2018:8
Keywords
conscription, recruitment, all-volunteer force, retention, Swedish Armed Forces
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7357 (URN)978-91-7063-837-4 (ISBN)978-91-7063-932-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-03-16, Agardhsalen, Karlstad, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-03-26 Created: 2018-03-26 Last updated: 2018-03-26Bibliographically approved

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Österberg, Johan

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