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Kombinerad bekämpning som metod för verkan: Lätt infanteritaktik under brittiska markoperationerna i Falklandskriget
Swedish National Defence College.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Denna undersökning har studerat ett lätt infanteriförbands användning av kombinerad bekämpning som metod för verkan under en amfibieoperation samt vilka aspekter som påverkade möjligheten till kombinerad bekämpning p.g.a. operationens amfibiska karaktär. Fallet har utgjorts av Parachute Regiments två bataljoner som under Falklandskriget utkämpade tre slag vid Darwin – Goose Green, Mount Longdon och Wireless Ridge. Som analysverktyg har använts Robert Leonhards teori om den kombinerade bekämpningens tre principer. Indikatorer på principerna har varit syften med verkan hämtade ur teorin om de grundläggande förmågorna.

Två av slagen befanns endast delvis kännetecknas av Leonhards två första principer, principerna om kompletterande system och dilemman. Den tredje principen om fördelaktig terräng uppfylldes inte. Det tredje slaget regementet utkämpade kännetecknades helt igenom av Leonhards två första principer medan den tredje delvis beaktades.

Undersökningen konstaterar att kombinerad bekämpning som metod för verkan kan utvecklas av ett lätt infanteriförband under en amfibieoperation. Dock ledde ofördelaktig disponering av förbandet i de aktuella fallen till att kombinerad bekämpning tidvis omöjliggjordes. Leonhards tredje princip tenderade att förringas. De specifikt amfibiska aspekterna avseende möjligheten till kombinerad bekämpning utgjordes främst av tillgången till fartygsartilleri, kraven på helikoptertransporterbart fältartilleri samt bristen på lätta trossfordon.

Abstract [en]

This dissertation has investigated how a light infantry force has used combined arms during an amphibious operation, specific factors related to the operations character affecting the possibility to develop combined arms have also been highlighted. The case chosen for the study was Parachute Regiments actions during the three battles of Darwin – Goose Green, Mount Longdon and Wireless Ridge during the Falklands War. As a analytical tool Robert Leonhard’s theory about the three principles of combined arms was used together with indicators borrowed from the theory about the warfighting functions purposes of fires.

Two of the battles were found to be only partially characterized by Leonhard’s first two principles, complementary systems and dilemmas. The third principle about favorable terrain was neglected. The third battle was throughout characterized by the first two principles and to a larger extent than the former by the third principle.

The dissertation concludes that light infantry can use combined arms during amphibious operations. The battles studied were, however, often characterized by unfavorable disposition of the force which affected the possibilities to use combined arms. Leonhard´s third principle was usually neglected. The most important amphibious aspects affecting the possibilities to combined arms were found to be naval gunfire support, light field artillery and the scarcity of light all-terrain vehicles.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 37 p.
Keyword [en]
Combined arms, light infantry, tactics, Robert Leonhard, all arms battle, Falklands War, South Atlantic War, Parachute Regiment, Darwin, Goose-Green, Mount Longdon, Wireless Ridge, 2 Para, 3 Para, light field artillery, naval gunfire support
Keyword [sv]
Kombinerad bekämpning, lätt infanteri, taktik, Robert Leonhard, militärteori, Falklandskriget, Darwin, Goose-Green, Mount Longdon, Wireless Ridge, Parachute Regiment, 2 Para, 3 Para, lätt fältartilleri, fartygsartilleri
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-4006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-4006DiVA: diva2:632234
Subject / course
War Studies Thesis
Educational program
Officersprogrammet (OP)
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-08-05 Created: 2013-06-24 Last updated: 2013-08-05Bibliographically approved

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SA Gustav Blysa OP 10-13 Kombinerad bekämpning Falklandskriget(642 kB)525 downloads
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • nn-NO
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  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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