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Defense Transformation and Legitimacy in Scandinavia after the Cold War: Theoretical and Practical Implications
Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, War Studies Division.
2011 (English)In: Armed forces and society, ISSN 0095-327X, E-ISSN 1556-0848, Vol. 37, no 4, 701-724 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article analyzes how defense transformation in Scandinavia has been legitimized and which legitimacy it enjoys. The overall result is that it does not have unambiguous support. There are, however, similarities and differences, both between the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) members Denmark and Norway and nonaligned Sweden, and between the NATO members. Theoretically, the alliance members should be more willing to transform-even if it implies a "denationalization" of defense. In Denmark, that is, with some reservation, the case but not in Norway. Nonaligned Sweden should, according to the same logic, be resistant to downsizing the armed forces and gearing them for NATO expeditionary war fighting operations. However, that is not the case. A consequence of the negative attitude toward the transformation is less influence, resources, freedom of action, and so on, for the defense forces in general, and an even more lukewarm attitude toward conducting combat operations in a NATO context in particular.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 37, no 4, 701-724 p.
Keyword [en]
Scandinavia, legitimacy, defense, transformation, NATO
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-3848DOI: 10.1177/0095327X10382216ISI: 000295285900007OAI: diva2:628704
Available from: 2013-06-14 Created: 2013-06-11 Last updated: 2013-08-13Bibliographically approved

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