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Minhund och en elektronisk nos för detektion av minor: utifrån den militära nyttan vid en undsättningsinsats
Swedish National Defence College.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Mine detection dog and an electronic nose for landmine detection : on the basis of the military utility in a mine rescue team operation (English)
Abstract [sv]

Minor utgör ett hot mot civilbefolkningen men även personal i fredsfrämjande insatser riskerar att skadas av minorna under patruller i insatsområdet. Idag används minhunden i Försvarsmakten för att lokaliera minor i kombination med minpik och metalldetektor. Hunden har sina begränsningar och har under flera perioder varit på väg att fasas ut till förmån för tekniken. Minans doftbild, minhunden och den elektroniska nosen beskrivs och mynnar ut i en analys där för-/nackdelar presenteras och därefter diskuteras. Den militära nyttan i den militära kontexten, insats med undsättningsstyrka (MRT) utgör ramverk i uppsatsen. Vid en undsättningsinsats med MRT är det av största vikt att minorna kan lokaliseras, märkas ut och undvikas. Hunden har förmåga till lokalisering av minor vilket den elektroniska nosen Fido saknar. Minornas doftbild överlappar varandra. Fido kan inte särskilja minorna från varandra utan endast bekräfta förekomst i ett område vilket inte bidrar till den militära nyttan när en fri väg ska sökas fram till en skadeplats.

Abstract [en]

Landmines pose a threat to the civilian population but personnel in peacekeeping operations could also be harmed by landmines during patrols in the area. Today the Swedish Armed Forces use mine detection dogs to locate landmines. The mine detection dogs are used in combination with prodders and metal detectors. The dogs have their limitations and there have been several attempts to phase them out and replace them with technology. Substances detected by dogs and electronic noses, the mine detection dog and the electronic dog nose Fido are described and incorporated in an analysis where advantages/disadvantages are presented and then discussed. Military utility in a military context constitute the frame of the essay. The military context is an operation with a mine rescue team to rescue an injured person in a mine field. In a rescue operation with a mine rescue team the most important thing is to locate, mark and avoid the landmines. The dog can locate landmines but the electronic nose Fido cannot. The chemical signatures from the landmines overlap each other making it difficult for Fido to pinpoint the exact location. Fido can confirm the presence of landmines in an area which does not have military utility during mine rescue team operations to find a free path and rescue an injured person out from a minefield. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 41 p.
Keyword [en]
Mine detection dog, electronic dog nose, Fido, Mine Rescue Team, explosives, TNT, military utility
Keyword [sv]
Minhund, elektronisk nos, Fido, Mine Rescue Team, explosivämne, TNT, den militära nyttan
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-3809OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-3809DiVA: diva2:625175
Subject / course
Militärteknik, självständigt arbete
Educational program
Officersprogrammet (OP)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-08-07 Created: 2013-06-04 Last updated: 2013-08-13Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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