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Psychosocial aspects of helath in adolescence: The influence of gender self-concept
Swedish National Defence College, Department of Leadership and Management (ILM).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8274-6065
2005 (English)In: Journal of Adolescent Health, ISSN 1054-139X, E-ISSN 1879-1972, Vol. 36, no 6, 530.e21-530.e28 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]


The aim of this study was to describe age and gender differences in psychosocial aspects of health in adolescents. A further aim was to explore if self-rated behavior problems varied with the adolescents’ general self-concept and sense of coherence.


Questionnaires on self-rated psychosocial aspects of health were answered by 282 (n = 282/390) randomly selected adolescents, aged 13–22 years (M 17.9/18.0). The instruments used were “I think I am (ITIA),” “Youth Self Report (YSR),” “Sense of coherence (SOC),” and “Family APGAR.” Differences between males and females (cross-individual grouping) were analyzed using nonparametric tests. A cluster analysis was performed using a three-cluster solution to identify and describe profiles (person-centered grouping).


Compared with males, adolescent females scored less favorably on self-esteem (ITIA) (p = .028), reported more behavior problems (YSR) (p = .000), and showed a lower sense of coherence (SOC) (p = .003). The differences were most evident in the age group 15–17 years. The three clusters significantly differed from each other regarding how high proportions of problems the adolescents of each profile reported.


Compared with male adolescents, adolescent females experienced a poorer psychosocial health in somatic, depressive, and internalizing areas. The result indicated that psychological factors had a major impact on the proportions of problems that the adolescents reported.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 36, no 6, 530.e21-530.e28 p.
Keyword [en]
Adolescence, Epilepsy, Gender, Health, Quality of life
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-3031DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2004.10.006OAI: diva2:578489
Available from: 2012-12-18 Created: 2012-12-18 Last updated: 2017-01-04Bibliographically approved

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