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Personality, appraisal and cognitive coping processes, and performance during various conditions of stress
Centrum för folkhälsoforskning, Högskolan i Karlstad.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8274-6065
1989 (English)In: Military Psychology, ISSN 0899-5605, Vol. 1, no 3, 167-182 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

This article reports the relationships between personality factors, situation- specific appraisal and coping processes, and psychomotor performance during calm and stressful conditions. Eighty-nine Swedish male conscripts (M age = 19.6 years) constituted the sample. The performance task was to shoot down 10 enemy aircraft on an anti-aircraft artillery simulator. The task was carried out three times-in calm conditions, noisy conditions, and noisy conditions with sleep deprivation (27 hr). Performance deteriorated as suc- cessive stressors were added. Personality factors showed weaker relationships with performance than situation-specific appraisal and cognitive coping in- dicators. The relative importance of personality factors increased when stres- sors were added. Appraising the performance situation as a challenge was associated with positive thinking and good performance; appraising the sit- uation as a threat was associated with negative thinking and poor perform- ance. A considerable cross-situational, intraindividual performance stability was found, and a subgroup of consistently well-performing subjects was iden- tified. These individuals had low scores on trait anxiety and high scores on achievement, order, and intraception.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1989. Vol. 1, no 3, 167-182 p.
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-2905DOI: 10.1207/s15327876mp0103_4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-2905DiVA: diva2:572426
Available from: 2012-11-27 Created: 2012-11-27 Last updated: 2017-01-04Bibliographically approved

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