Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE credits
What role will Sweden and the Swedish Armed Forces play in the new Arctic, in view of the expanded concept of security?
This paper deals with the changing geopolitical situation in the Arctic, the changes are due largely to climate change. These changes impose new conditions for the region, it's about new conditions for the indigenous population, but also for the nations of the region. It's about ways of living and traveling in the region, opportunities to exploit its natural resources, but also on environmental damage and a military rearmament in the Arctic.
The purpose of this work is to identify and clarify what in the Arctic region, potentially affecting Swedish security and defense policy, and what Sweden perceive to be security threats. My contribution to research is that with the help of Barry Buzans, Ole Wævers and Jaap de Wilde's concepts of sectors, identify and clarify what of the "Arctic problem" that can be attributed to, for Sweden interesting security policy issues.
The essay will clarify how changes in the Arctic affect security in the region. The essay will also clarify the Swedish official security stance to the Arctic and the role of what the Swedish armed forces have to play in the region.
The results show that there are some potential security challenges in the region. The survey also shows that the Swedish official stance is not quite clear and it is affecting the Armed Forces in the sense that its role in the Arctic do not become completely clear.
2012. , 44 p.