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En sammenligning av USAs og EUs strategier i kampen mot terrorismen
Swedish National Defence College.
2006 (Norwegian)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [no]

Hensikten med denne oppgaven har vært å belyse de utfordringer vi står overfor når det gjelderå bekjempe den internasjonale terrorismen. Dette har blitt gjort gjennom å sammenligne USAsog EUs strategier mot terrorisme etter den 11. september 2001. Michael Manns IEMP modell(Ideological, Economical, Military, Political) har blitt benyttet for å kunne ”dele opp” strategieni flere naturlig avgrensede områder eller kategorier, for deretter å sammenligne de enkeltedelene hver for seg.Det er mange likheter, men også betydelige forskjeller mellom USAs og EUs strategier motterrorisme. Både USA og EU er enige om at kampen mot terrorisme på lang sikt handler om en”kamp om idéer”. Tilsynelatende hersker det likevel en ulik oppfatning om situasjonen, derUSA i større grad enn EU anser seg for å befinne seg i en ”krigstilstand”. Dette kommer tiluttrykk blant annet gjennom en mer offensiv og aggressiv språkbruk.De største forskjellene mellom USAs og EUs strategier finner vi blant de militære og depolitiske maktmidlene. USA viser en betydelig mer aktiv og offensiv innstilling både når detgjelder diplomatisk press og bruk av militærmakt, og de tar åpenlyst på seg en lederrolle iverden. De går heller ikke av veien for å aksjonere på egen hånd om nødvendig, uten å væreavhengig av FN eller andre land/organisasjoner. USA fremstår altså som mer ”unilaterale”,mens EU fremstår som mer ”multilaterale”. For begge er imidlertid et bredt internasjonaltsamarbeid en nøkkelingrediens, samtidig som begge strategiene fremhever betydningen av en”comprehensive approach”, der militærmakt bare utgjør en del av helheten.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this thesis has been to explore the challenges we are facing todayconcerning the fight against international terrorism. By comparing the counterterrorismstrategies of the US and the EU after 2001, different views on how toapproach this problem can be discovered. Michael Mann’s IEMP model(Ideological, Economical, Military, Political) has been used as a tool to dividethe strategies into 4 areas or categories, and then a comparison has beenconducted within each of these areas.There are many similarities, but also substantial differences between the US andEU strategies for combating terrorism. They both agree that the fight againstterrorism in the long term is about a “struggle for ideas”. Nevertheless, it seemsthey have a different view on the situation, where the Americans considerthemselves to be more in a state of war. This is expressed in several ways, oneof them being through more aggressive language.The biggest differences between the US and EU strategies can be found in themilitary and political areas. The US is displaying a substantially more active andaggressive attitude, both in terms of diplomatic pressure and the use of militaryforces, and they are openly taking the lead in the world community. They willact alone if necessary, independent of the UN or other organizations/nations. Tosummarize, the US appears more unilateral and the EU appears moremultilateral. However, broad international cooperation is a key ingredient forboth of them, and both strategies emphasize the importance of a comprehensiveapproach, where the use of military force is only a part of the solution.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. , 45 p.
Keyword [en]
Terrorism prevention
Keyword [sv]
Terrorismbekämpning, Chefsprogrammet, Chefsprogrammet 2004-2006, Uppsatser
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-1545OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-1545DiVA: diva2:427392
Educational program
Chefsprogrammet. (ChP)
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Note
Avdelning: ALB - Slutet Mag 3 C-upps. Hylla: Upps. ChP 04-06Available from: 2011-06-30 Created: 2011-06-28 Last updated: 2011-06-30Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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  • de-DE
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Output format
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