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Tvangsmakt og konfliktterminering i intrastatlige konfilkter: en sammenlignende studie
Swedish National Defence College.
2006 (Norwegian)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [no]

Hensikten med denne studien er å undersøke hvorvidt tvangsmakt har effekt somtermineringsinstrument i intrastatlige konflikter, og om eventuell effekt henger sammen medhvilken konflikttype innenfor det intrastatlige konfliktspekteret tvangsmakten benyttes i.Innenfor samlebegrepet intrastatlige konflikter etableres det for denne analysens formål 2hovedtyper konflikter. Disse er tradisjonelle intrastatlige konflikter og konflikter i kollapsedestater. Hovedtypene skiller seg i verdier på to variabler: Antall organiserte aktører som bruker voldog grad av fungerende statsmakt. Den tradisjonelle intrastatlige konflikt karakteriseres av etredusert antall voldsaktører der en av aktørene forvalter en form for statsmakt. Konflikt ikollapsede stater karakteriseres av et større antall voldsaktører og forvitret eller ikke-eksisterendestatsmakt. Etter en utvalgsprosess tas konflikten i Kosovoprovinsen 1998-99 og konflikten iLiberia 1990-2003 ut som eksempler. Dette er konflikter som nettopp illustrerer de 2 hovedtypeneav intrastatlige konflikter. Når det gjelder oppgavens teorigrunnlag står Peter Viggo Jakobsensidealmodell for tvangsmakt sentralt.Analysen resulterer i to nye hypoteser. Den ene er at tvangsmakt anvendt i henhold til Jakobsensidealmodell i en tradisjonell intrastatlig konflikt, gitt visse betingelser, har mulighet forkonfliktterminering. Den andre hypotesen er at samme tvangsmaktanvendelse har liten eller ingenmulighet for å oppnå konfliktterminering om den anvendes i en konflikt i en kollapset stat.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this analysis is to investigate the effect of compellence as an instrument forconflict termination in intrastate conflicts and to ascertain if the effect it achieves is linked to whatkind of conflict within the intrastate conflict spectre compellence is used in.For this study two main types of conflict within the spectre of intrastate conflicts are chosen.These are traditional intrastate conflicts and conflicts in failed states. These main types differ mostin two variables: the number of violent actors and the degree to which a state functions. Thetraditional intrastate conflict is characterised by a limited number of actors where one of the actorsholds state-like assets. Conflicts in failed states are characterized by a large number of violentactors, and a limited or non-existing degree of state power or capacity.After having discussed the different types of intrastate conflicts, the conflict in Kosovo 1998-99 isselected as an example of a traditional intrastate conflict, whereas the civil war in Liberia from1990-2003 is selected as an example of a conflict in a failed state. Peter Viggo Jakobsen’s modelof compellence is then used as a theoretical framework to analyse the conflicts, and the effect ofcompellence upon conflict termination.The analysis points to two specific results formulated as a new hypothesis. Firstly, thatcompellence may contribute to conflict termination in a traditional intrastate conflict in certaincircumstances. Secondly, that the same use of compellence in a conflict in a collapsed state haslimited or no potential for success.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. , 60 p.
Keyword [sv]
Tyskland, Andra världskriget 1939-1945, Chefsprogrammet, Chefsprogrammet 2004-2006, Uppsatser
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-1538OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-1538DiVA: diva2:427372
Educational program
Chefsprogrammet. (ChP)
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Note
Avdelning: ALB - Slutet Mag 3 C-upps. Hylla: Upps. ChP 04-06Available from: 2011-06-30 Created: 2011-06-28 Last updated: 2011-06-30Bibliographically approved

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