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"David mot Goliat" myt eller verklighet: en analys av finska taktiska framgångsfaktorer under vinterkriget 1939-1940
Swedish National Defence College.
2006 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

I samband med vinterkriget mellan Finland och Sovjetunionen 1939 uppnådde de finska förbandenstora framgångar på taktisk nivå, framförallt vid striderna på det norra frontavsnittet.Terrängen vid fronten norr om Ladoga karakteriserades av en begränsad infrastruktur innehållandeett fåtal vägar. Striderna genomfördes också under svåra klimatförhållanden medmycket låga dygnstemperaturer och rikligt med snö.Syftet med uppsatsen är att med utgångspunkt i den teoretiska modellen om de sex grundläggandeförmågorna, ledning, underrättelser och information, verkan, skydd, rörlighet och uthållighet,identifiera orsakerna till de stora finska framgångarna på taktisk nivå i ovan nämndaterräng. Detta har gjorts genom att genomföra två fallstudier av den finska 9:e divisionen ochdess agerande vid två olika krigsskådeplatser. Studierna omfattar tidpunkten då 9:e divisionenpåbörjade sin verksamhet mot den längs Raatevägen framryckande sovjetiska 44:e divisionenden 11 december 1939 intill krigsslutet den 13 mars 1940.Analysen visar att det finska agerandet var präglat av en balans mellan de olika förmågorna. Desovjetiska förbanden hade också svårt att påverka de finska förmågorna utifrån sitt agerande.Avslutningsvis diskuteras resultatet av den genomförda analysen gentemot de inledande frågeställningarna.Ett antal slutsatser dras och ett antal nya frågeställningar förs fram.

Abstract [en]

In the Winter War between Finland and the Soviet Union in 1939 Finnish units achieved greatsuccess on a tactical level in the battles in northern Finland. The terrain at the front north ofthe lake Ladoga was characterized by a limited infrastructure with very few roads. The combatat the northern front was very difficult to conduct because of the extremely unfavourableclimatic conditions, with very low temperatures and overabundant snow.The main purpose of this essay is to identify the causes behind the great Finnish success on atactical level in a terrain with bad infrastructure. This essay will examine the following threequestions:• Which capacities were especially important for the Finnish success?• How did the Soviet capacities influence the results Finland achieved in the battles?• The six capacities interact with each other. How did Finnish action demonstrate this?The method for this study has been to use the dynamic model of the six capacities describedin Swedish military doctrines: command and control, mobility, protection, effect, intelligenceand staying power. This dynamic model has been used to analyse two case studies of the actionof the Finnish 9th Division. The study begins when the 9th Division begins to take actionagainst the advancing Soviet 44th Division on the Raateroad in December 1939 to the end ofthe war in March 1940. The results of this analysis will be discussed in the conclusion of thisessay. Some conclusions from the analysis and some new research questions will also be presented.The study shows that Finnish action was characterised by a balance between the differentcapacities. The 9th Division was very successful in its action against the capacities of the differentSoviet divisions. Moreover, the Soviet units encountered difficulties reacting againstthe Finnish capacities. Numerous examples of how the Finnish capacities interacted with eachother appear in the analysis

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. , 52 p.
Keyword [sv]
Finska vinterkriget 1939-1940, Chefsprogrammet, Chefsprogrammet 2004-2006, Uppsatser
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-1505OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-1505DiVA: diva2:427132
Educational program
Chefsprogrammet. (ChP)
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Note
Avdelning: ALB - Slutet Mag 3 C-upps. Hylla: Upps. ChP 04-06Available from: 2011-06-30 Created: 2011-06-27 Last updated: 2011-06-30Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
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  • de-DE
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  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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