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Kampfly på byen?: Konseptuelt grunnlag for bruk av norske kampfly i urbane operasjoner
Swedish National Defence College.
2008 (Norwegian)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [no]

Dagens demografiske trender peker i retning av økt urbanisering. Dette setter sitt preg påsikkerhetspolitiske utfordringer, og vestlig militærmakt følger motvillig med til et urbantområde der klassisk konvensjonell militærmakt marginaliseres. Forsvarets overgang tilinnsatsforsvar har materialisert seg gjennom krigsoppdrag i stadig fjernere strøk.Kampfly har hittil blitt benyttet i tre krigsoppdrag, og vil sannsynligvis vurderes i flere. Ien slik vurdering blir kampflys stridsevne viktig. Stridsevne består av moralske, fysiskeog konseptuelle faktorer. Hensikten med denne oppgaven har vært å analysere detkonseptuelle grunnlaget for bruk av kampfly i urbane operasjoner (UO). Oppgaven kansåledes ses som et bidrag til en vurdering av norske kampflys stridsevne for UO.Analysen av det konseptuelle grunnlaget utgår fra fem faktorer som særpreger UO;fysiske forhold, hensyn til sivilbefolkningen, egne tap, three-block war og denstrategiske korporal. Innledningsvis identifiseres disse urbane fellesfaktorers utfordringerog behov. Resultatet benyttes som grunnlag for å analysere norsk strategisk konsept,doktriner, tenkning og erfaring – som samlet danner det norske konseptuelle grunnlag.Ideelt sett skulle dette grunnlaget vært helhetlig, og formidlet på en slik måte atForsvarets personell hadde en felles oppfatning av UO. Denne analyse har kommet fremtil at så ikke er tilfellet i Norge; Det norske konseptuelle grunnlaget for UO er stykkevisog delt. På den andre side har analysen vist at det konseptuelle grunnlaget omfatter alleUOs utfordringer og behov fra taktisk til politisk nivå. Og i samarbeid med bakkestyrkerer norske kampflygere i ferd med å opparbeide et erfaringsmessig grunnlag som i storgrad reflekterer UOs utfordringer og behov.Samlet konkluderer analysen med at det finnes et tilstrekkelig norsk konseptueltgrunnlag for å benytte kampfly i UO.

Abstract [en]

Today’s demographic trends point towards increased urbanization. This has an effect onthe challenges of security policy and western military forces are reluctantly drawn intoan urban area characterized by the marginalization of conventional military power. TheNorwegian Armed Forces have recently transformed into an expeditionary force and, asa result, have been engaged in warfighting in increasingly remote areas. So far fighteraircraft have been used on three war-related missions, and will probably be involved inmore. This being the case, consideration should be given to the warfighting capabilitiesof fighter aircraft. Warfighting capability consists of moral, physical and conceptualfactors. The aim of this paper has been to analyse the conceptual basis for the use ofNorwegian fighter aircraft in urban operations (UO). As such, the paper can be seen as acontribution to an evaluation of the warfighting capabilities of Norwegian fighter aircraftin urban operations.Analysis of this conceptual basis is based on five factors distinctive to UO: physicalconditions, consideration of the civilian population, own losses, three-block war and thestrategic corporal. By way of introduction, the challenges and requirements arising fromthese five common factors are identified. The results are then used as a basis for analysisof the Norwegian strategic concept, doctrine, thinking and experience – which togetherform the overall Norwegian conceptual basis.Ideally, this basis should have been holistic and disseminated in such a way that allpersonnel in the armed forces had a common understanding of UO. This analysis hascome to the conclusion that this is not the case in Norway. The Norwegian conceptualbasis for UO is fragmented. However, the analysis has shown that the conceptual basisencompasses all the challenges and requirements of UOs, from the tactical to thestrategic level. Furthermore, in cooperation with ground forces, Norwegian fighter pilotsare currently establishing an experience-based foundation, which, to a large extent,reflects the challenges and requirements of UOs.In summary, the analysis concludes that the Norwegian conceptual basis for the use offighter aircraft in UO is sufficient.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. , 52 p.
Keyword [en]
Urban warfare
Keyword [sv]
Strid i bebyggelse, Stridsflyg, Norge, Chefsprogrammet, Chefsprogrammet 2006-2008, Uppsatser
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-1398OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-1398DiVA: diva2:426262
Educational program
Chefsprogrammet. (ChP)
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Note
Avdelning: ALB - Slutet Mag 3 C-upps. Hylla: Upps. ChP 06-08Available from: 2011-06-30 Created: 2011-06-23 Last updated: 2011-06-30Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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