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Aligning the non-aligned: a re-interpretation of why and how Sweden was granted access to US military materiel in the early cold war, 1948–1952
Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
2010 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, Vol. 35, no 3, 290-309 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article takes a new look at the crucial years in early post-war history, 1948–52, when Swedish-American security relations were established. By 1952 Sweden was firmly within the Western sphere and was considered a trusted ally in the fight against the Soviet Bloc. What had happened since 1948 that made the Swedish government go from almost pariah status to a trusted ally? Prior research has argued that this change was due to a dramatic reversal of US policy towards Sweden, and has even pointed to a very specific date for this policy change—namely February 1950. Washington, it has been said, at that time gave up its objective of getting Sweden to join the North Atlantic Treaty (NAT, which became NATO in 1951).In contrast, the article argues that it was not so much that the Americans changed their minds, as it was Sweden that gradually corrected its policy of neutrality to fit American hegemonic demands, specifically regarding its adherence to the CoCom trade embargo; a process that lasted longer than until February 1950. Moreover, it questions the assumption that getting Sweden to join the NAT was ever a US policy objective. There is simply no evidence to support it. It also makes the case for a reinterpretation of the Swedish-American security relations in the early cold war. The article places these events within the framework of hegemony theory, which in order to improve the understanding of this process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 35, no 3, 290-309 p.
Keyword [en]
Sweden, Cold War, United States, Policy of Neutrality, Security Policy, Arms Transfers, Diplomacy
National Category
History
Research subject
Historia med inriktning mot militärhistoria
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-651DOI: 10.1080/03468751003766745ISI: 000282025800004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-651DiVA: diva2:311775
Available from: 2010-04-23 Created: 2010-04-23 Last updated: 2013-06-14Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • en-US
  • fi-FI
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More languages
Output format
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