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Limiting Diplomatic Friction: Sweden, the United States and SKF's ball bearing exports to Eastern Europe, 1950-52
Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies, The Military History Division.
2009 (English)In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 57, no 3, 273-288 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article deals with the U.S. government’s efforts to curb the Swedish ball bearing producer SKF’s exports to the East early in the Cold War, 1950-1952, and interprets this process within the framework of hegemony theory. The period up to mid-1951 saw increasing U.S. pressure upon Sweden and SKF to consent to U.S. hegemony by abiding by the CoCom embargo. To achieve its objectives U.S. policymakers developed a flexible ‘’carrot and stick’’ approach, and the article adds considerable detail regarding the U.S. government’s handling of SKF. U.S. tolerance and flexibility was dependent upon Swedish consent to American hegemony in Western Europe, which was received through the signing of the Stockholm agreement in mid-June 1951, a hegemonic apparatus through which Sweden’s abidance by the embargo was handled. A small amount of exports was accepted by Washington as long as the main U.S. objective, to deny the Eastern Bloc strategic technology, was adhered to by SKF. The article also reveals the lack of policy coordination in the Swedish government, and the conflicts between the government and SKF regarding the responsibility for adhering to the embargo.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 57, no 3, 273-288 p.
Keyword [en]
Sweden, United States, Cold War, Hegemony Theory, SKF, Trade, Policy of Neutrality, Diplomacy
National Category
History Economic History
Research subject
Historia med inriktning mot militärhistoria
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-650OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-650DiVA: diva2:311773
Available from: 2010-04-23 Created: 2010-04-23 Last updated: 2013-08-12Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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