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Organisering av arméns insatsorganisation: Är det operativa och taktiska skäl till att förbanden ser ut som de gör?
Swedish National Defence College, Department of Military Studies.
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Uppsatsens syfte är att analysera och diskutera vad som legat till grund för organisering av arméns insatsförband insatsorganisations år 2009 (IO 09). Hur ser organisationsstrukturen ut och vilka faktorer har påverkat organiseringen av IO 09? Uppgiftens komplexitet innebar att jag närmade mig problemformuleringen från olika perspektiv. Studien omfattar därmed en mångsidig kvalitativ analys av data från både styrdokument och intervjuer.

Studien visar att det framförallt är de klassiska ”byråkratiska teoretiska” perspektiven som dominerar organisationsdesignen inom arméns insatsorganisation 2009. Vidare förefaller det finnas en arketyp för hur ett förband i armén skall vara organiserat. Denna arketyp omfattas sannolikt av en organisationsstruktur om fyra ledningsnivåer och ett kontrollspann om fyra eller fem enheter i alla nivåer. Signifikant för maskinbyråkratimodellen, vilken identifierats i nio av tio organisationsstrukturer i IO 09, är att denna organisationsdesign underlättar tydliga och klara ledningsförhållanden. Däremot har maskinbyråkratimodellen en del nackdelar såsom att modellen anses vara rigid och svår att förändra. Studien konstaterar därmed en intressant paradox d.v.s. kravet på att organisationerna i IO 09 skall vara modulära och flexibla samtidigt som organisationsstrukturerna i IO 09 antyder något annat. Ett annat resultat som studien visar är att det framförallt synes varit mänskliga faktorer tillsammans med omgivningskaraktäristiska faktorer som dominerat ”processerna” i organiseringen av IO 09, därmed också i allra högsta grad resultatet av hur arméns insatsorganisation 2009 är organiserad.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this essay is to analyse and discuss what has been the basis of the organization of the mission-based armed forces in the year of the mission-based organization 2009 (IO 09). What does the organizational structure look like and what factors have affected the organization of IO 09? The complexity of the task demanded an approach to problem formulation from various perspectives. Thus, the study includes a diversified qualitative analysis of data collected from governing documents as well as interviews.

The study shows that, above all, it is the classic “bureaucratic theoretical” perspectives that dominate the organizational design within the mission-based organization 2009. Furthermore, there seems to exist an archetype with respect to how an army force battalion unit should be organized. This archetype does most likely represent an organizational structure comprised of four levels of leadership and a span of control of four or five units operating at all levels. Significant to the machine bureaucracy model, which has been identified in nine out of ten organizational structures in IO 09, is that this organizational design facilitates distinct and clear leadership conditions. However, the machine bureaucracy model demonstrates some disadvantages such as the fact that it is considered to be rigid and difficult to change. Hence, the study reveals an interesting paradox, that is, the requirements stipulated for the organizations in IO 09 are supposed to be modular and flexible while the organizational structures in IO 09 suggest something else. An additional result showed by the study is that, primarily, it appears that human factors combined with environmental characteristic factors have dominated the “processes” with regard to the organization of IO 09. Consequently, these factors have also seem to generated the outcome with regard to how the army’s mission-based organization 2009 has been organized.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 47 p.
Keyword [en]
Organization, military forces, span of control, organizational design, archetype, mission-based organization, organizational culture
Keyword [sv]
Organisering, militära förband, kontrollspann, organisationsdesign, arketyp, insatsorganisation, organisationskultur
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-613OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-613DiVA: diva2:306853
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2010-08-23 Created: 2010-03-31 Last updated: 2010-08-23Bibliographically approved

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