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The Manifestation of Chinese Strategies Into Offensive Cyberspace Operations Targeting Sweden
Swedish National Forensic Centre, Swedish Police Authority and Department of Electrical Engineering, Linköping University, (SWE).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3786-8447
Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Science of Command and Control and Military Technology Division, Military Technology Systems Section. School of Informatics, University of Skövde.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7552-9465
2021 (English)In: Proceedings of the 20th European Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security / [ed] Dr. Thaddeus Eze, Dr. Lee Speakman and Dr. Cyril Onwubiko, Reading, UK, 2021, p. 35-43Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this article is to present how Chinese strategies are manifested into offensive cyberspace operations targeting Sweden. It is commonly known that People’s Republic of China (PRC, and in this definition the meaning of thegovernment and its military), uses five-year plans (FYP) for social and economic steering strategy of their country. This has been going on since 1953 until today. In 2015, the national strategic plan Made in China 2025 (中国制造2025) was launched by Le Keqiang, the Premier of the State Council of PRC. The main goal with this plan is to strengthen the economic development. In addition, Chinese military strategists noted the importance of information warfare and intelligence during military operations. This article is based on open sources: the official English translated version of the 13th Five-year plan (FYP) and other reporting on cyberspace operations linked to the PRC. A number of cases are presented to highlight the link between the PRC FYP and their targets. Next, the current situation in Sweden is presented and how the country is targeted by PRC-linked activities, both in and through cyberspace, but also military infiltration on academia. The results show that Sweden has been, and is continuously the target of offensive cyberspace operations. In parallel, the country is also the target of military infiltration on the academia, and direct investment strategies such as Huawei attempting to compete for the 5G frequency actions arranged by the Swedish Post and Telecom Authority. In conclusion, Sweden will continue to experience cyberespionage from PRC on all levels and on all domains; science, technology, IP and privacy information theft. Previously unveiled cyberspace operations cases in this article have proven to be a convenient strategy for the PRC to reduce its research and development gap in several ways; innovatively, financially and to shortening the time-to-market (TTM).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Reading, UK, 2021. p. 35-43
Series
Proceedings of the European conference on information warfare and security, ISSN 2048-8602, E-ISSN 2048-8610
Keywords [en]
Chinese strategies, cyberespionage, information warfare, offensive cyberspace operations, Sweden
National Category
Information Systems Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Systems science for defence and security
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-10205OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-10205DiVA, id: diva2:1576637
Conference
European Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security (ECCWS)
Available from: 2021-07-01 Created: 2021-07-01 Last updated: 2021-12-03Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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