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Det narrativa kriget om nationens själ: En studie om presidentvalskampanjen i USA år 2020, identitet, och sammankopplingen av interna och externa andre
Swedish Defence University.
2021 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The narrative war for the soul of the nation : A study about the 2020 presidential campaign, identity, and the linking between internal and external others (English)
Abstract [en]

This study explores how presidential candidates during the 2020 American election were tied to external others, taking the shape of China and Russia. The study argues that an identity perspective becomes fruitful for addressing the research problem, as it becomes a matter of who "we" as a nation are. In general, identity studies tend to focus on the external other, while this study aims to contribute with an understanding of how the internal and external other can be interconnected. 

American exceptionalism - the notion that the US has a unique role to play on the world stage - is a prominent part of American political identity. Nonetheless, the concept of exceptionalism also implies that being an American is an act of choice and not exclusively a birthright, thus individuals and values can be labeled as "un-American". Drawing on and combining the theoretical insights from Michel Foucault, Ernesto Laclau, Chantal Mouffe, and Ty Solomon, politics in itself becomes a narrative war to fill nodal points with a hegemonic substance based on a wish for identity-fulfillment. The study finds that the other candidate is separated from the idea of what constitutes the US by reference to foreign and threatening powers. The other candidate is framed as unfit to be president, and since he does not correspond with the identity of the nation itself, he can not lead and personify the US. Thus, the other candidate is narratively constructed as unable to grant the wish for national identity fulfillment. The substance of the nodal points also does not exhibit a value in themselves but has to be contrasted against something or someone - in this case, an Other. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2021. , p. 42
Keywords [sv]
USA, Biden, Trump, Kina, Ryssland, Identitet, Narrativ, Exceptionalism, Foucault, Laclau, Mouffe, Solomon, Den Andre, President, Val, Demokraterna, Republikanerna, Noder, Hegemoni
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-9719OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-9719DiVA, id: diva2:1527084
Subject / course
Political Science with focus on crisis management and security
Educational program
Kandidatprogrammet
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2021-03-17 Created: 2021-02-09 Last updated: 2021-03-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf