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We want you as our new recruit: Prerequisites for recruitment to and retention in the Swedish Armed Forces
Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this thesis was to study the prerequisites for the Swedish Armed Forces (SAF) in order to recruit sufficient numbers of suitable individuals to the organization, and to retain those within the organization.

The thesis comprises three studies (Study 1-3) where Study One comprises data gathered, with a longitudinal design, when Sweden relied on conscription for the manning of the Armed Forces. Results show that those wanting to do international military service assessed themselves higher for required qualities than those individuals not volunteering for international military service. Study Two shows that job satisfaction, according to Hackman and Oldham´s Job satisfaction model, is higher when job characteristics are good, and they in turn affect the Critical Psychological States, as proposed by Hackman and Oldham. Study Three indicates that there is a relation between performance orientation, job characteristics, job satisfaction and retention. In sum, this thesis suggests that there are different incentives for recruiting and retaining personnel to a conscripted force, and an all-volunteer force. Furthermore, the thesis indicates that an all-volunteer force concept is not the best way of manning the armed forces, for Sweden and countries with similar society, size and likewise a critical geopolitical position. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet , 2018. , p. 71
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2018:8
Keyword [en]
conscription, recruitment, all-volunteer force, retention, Swedish Armed Forces
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7357ISBN: 978-91-7063-837-4 (print)ISBN: 978-91-7063-932-6 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-7357DiVA, id: diva2:1193062
Public defence
2018-03-16, Agardhsalen, Karlstad, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-03-26 Created: 2018-03-26 Last updated: 2018-03-26Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Psychological characteristics of Swedish mandatory enlisted soldiers volunteering and not volunteering for international missions: an exploratory study
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psychological characteristics of Swedish mandatory enlisted soldiers volunteering and not volunteering for international missions: an exploratory study
2013 (English)In: Psychological Reports, ISSN 0033-2941, E-ISSN 1558-691X, Vol. 112, no 2, p. 678-688Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to assess personality traits, psychological fitness, and hardiness among conscript soldiers volunteering for international missions (n = 146), by comparing them with conscripts from the same year class and unit who did not apply for international missions (n = 275). The sample consisted of all mandatory enlisted soldiers assigned to a supply and maintenance regiment. There were no demographic differences between the groups. The volunteers reported greater stress tolerance, concern for others, extraversion, and self-confidence than the non-volunteers. There were no differences between the groups in orderliness, temper instability, or independence. Volunteers repeatedly reported greater psychological fitness for military missions and greater hardiness over the period of military service compared to the non-volunteers.

National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-4097 (URN)10.2466/17.02.PR0.112.2.678-688 (DOI)000319334200029 ()
Available from: 2013-07-01 Created: 2013-07-01 Last updated: 2018-03-26Bibliographically approved
2. Job satisfaction among Swedish soldiers: Applying the Job Characteristics Model to newly recruited military personnel
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Job satisfaction among Swedish soldiers: Applying the Job Characteristics Model to newly recruited military personnel
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7356 (URN)
Available from: 2018-03-26 Created: 2018-03-26 Last updated: 2018-04-20
3. The Path To Job Satisfaction: Applying The Theory Of Purposeful Behavior To Military Conditions
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Path To Job Satisfaction: Applying The Theory Of Purposeful Behavior To Military Conditions
2017 (English)In: Journal of Defense Resources Management, ISSN 2068-9403, E-ISSN 2247-6466, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 27-42Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between, on one hand, personality and performance orientation and, on the other, job satisfaction and turnover intentions, using Barrick’s et al. theory of purposeful behavior. Using a questionnaire, data about job satisfaction, performance orientation and turnover intentions were collected from 300 newly recruited Swedish soldiers. A path analysis gave partial, but not full support to the assumptions behind the theory of purposeful behavior model. No relationships were found between the personality traits of emotional stability and conscientiousness, nor to either performance orientation or directly to job satisfaction. On the other hand, performance orientation showed a consistent relationship to perceived levels of the job characteristics, which mediated the path between the person-related variables and the outcome variables. Performance orientation also showed a strong direct relationship to general job satisfaction, which, in turn, was strongly related to turnover intentions.

Keyword
job satisfaction, performance, turnover intentions, military, path analysis, personality
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7146 (URN)
Available from: 2017-12-12 Created: 2017-12-12 Last updated: 2018-03-26Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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