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Air Power in Humanitarian Intervention: Kosovo and Libya in Comparative Perspective
Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Tactical Warfare Division, Air Operations Section.
2018 (English)In: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 39-57Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It would be hard to overstate the importance of air power in humanitarian intervention (HI) and the Responsibility to Protect (R2P). Yet, the role of air power in HI and R2P has been understudied. This article seeks to remedy the lack of systematic investigation. It does so by developing a framework for assessing the effectiveness of air power during military operations in HI and R2P and applies it to NATO’s air campaigns in Kosovo (Operation Allied Force) and Libya (Operation Unified Protector). Upon examination NATO is revealed to have fared better in Libya than Kosovo in positively accomplishing its stated humanitarian objectives, minimizing collateral damage and reducing the costs for the interveners, all of which are aspects considered by the model. The relative effectiveness of Operations Unified Protector is generally attributed to geography, diplomacy and technology. It is argued that better ground support, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and burden sharing are needed to enhance the utility of air power in HI and R2P even further.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 18, no 1, p. 39-57
Keyword [en]
Air power, humanitarian intervention, R2P, NATO, Kosovo, Libya
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7206DOI: 10.1080/14702436.2017.1420420OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-7206DiVA: diva2:1172889
Available from: 2018-01-11 Created: 2018-01-11 Last updated: 2018-01-29Bibliographically approved

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Heydarian Pashakhanlou, Arash

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