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Operation Eagle Claw: Hur faktorerna Enkelhet, Säkerhet och Förövning förklarar operationens misslyckande
Swedish Defence University.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

On the 24th of April 1980, the US military conducted Operation Eagle Claw that aimed to free 53 American citizens held hostage by an Iranian student terror organisation in the US embassy in Teheran, Iran. This study uses the factors of simplicity, security and rehearsal to investigate why this rescue mission resulted in failure. These three factors derives from the principles of Simplicity, Security and Repetition from McRaven´s theory of relative superiority, and the criteria of Feasible Objectives, Flexibility of Mind and Tactical Competence from Gray´s theory on when special operations succeed.

Based on a qualitative single case study, the results suggest that the factors of simplicity and rehearsal were absent during the planning and preparation of the operation, but that the factor of security was, however, present in excess. In the end, this dynamic generated a complex plan that was not properly rehearsed, which resulted in mission failure. The study contributes to existing research on Operation Eagle Claw, and gives further understanding to the area of special operations and its relevance to the Swedish Armed Forces.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 36 p.
Keyword [en]
Operation Eagle Claw, Special Operations, Mcraven, Gray, Sof
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6838OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-6838DiVA: diva2:1123251
Subject / course
War Studies, Thesis
Educational program
Officersprogrammet (OP)
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-07-17 Created: 2017-07-12 Last updated: 2017-07-17Bibliographically approved

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OPERATION EAGLE CLAW(782 kB)3 downloads
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File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 782 kBChecksum SHA-512
b98267bcda9363c4a399da6660655eed10797c923a885ed1acb0208efbd447cd188efa74cb137d79e54a3ae795fb13c3736c2813f24c56ea20836ea6e24756fd
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf