How can European states respond to Russian information warfare?: An analytical framework.
2017 (English)Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
How can European democratic states respond to Russian information warfare? This article aims to enable and spur systematic research of how democracies can respond to the spread of distorted information as part of information warfare. The article proposes four ideal-type models representing different strategies that democratic governments can employ; blocking, confronting, naturalising and ignoring. Each strategy is illustrated by ways of empirical examples of strategies applied by European states in view of what is regarded as an unwelcome Russian strategic narrative that is spread as part of information warfare. We problematise each strategy and explore reasons for why states choose one strategy over another. We then explore how different strategies might contribute to destabilise or stabilise the security environment and how they resonate with democratic values. Finally, we contribute to theorising on strategic narratives by highlighting that the choice of strategy will influence states in their formation of strategic narratives. We thus further theorising on strategic narratives by highlighting the link between strategies and narratives, thus identifying one central dynamic in how narratives are formed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6631DOI: 10.1080/09662839.2017.1294162OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-6631DiVA: diva2:1078584