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Ett tveeggat svärd: USA:s relationer till Iran och Saudiarabien
Swedish Defence University.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Denna uppsats ämnar skapa förståelse för varför USA har olikartade utrikespolitiska relationer med och inställningar till Iran och Saudiarabien, två stater som är relativt lika varandra. Den historiska utvecklingen av dessa relationer återges genom processpårning som metod i en deskriptiv analys. Analysen knyter samman fakta och händelser som resulterat i dagens situation där Iran är en fiende medan Saudiarabien är allierad med USA. Denna fakta återfinns i litteratur som studerat delar av innehållet av denna uppsats. Den deskriptiva analys undersöks därefter genom tre propositioner som är härledda från realismen, konstruktivismen och spårbundenhet i en analys som skapar förståelse för USA:s utrikespolitik gentemot Iran och Saudiarabien med användandet av teori. Uppsatsen kommer fram till att vardera teoretiska perspektiv har sina egna tolkningar samt att USA:s utrikespolitiska relationer till Iran och Saudiarabien förstås genom: maktbalans, balansering av hot och hegemonisk stabilitet (realismen), ideologisk distans (konstruktivismen), och historisk kontinuitet (spårbundenhet).

Abstract [en]

This thesis intends to create an understanding to why the United States have differentiating relationships with and attitudes towards Iran and Saudi Arabia, two states that are relatively similar to each other. The historical development of these relations are reproduced through the method of process tracing in a descriptive analysis. The analysis ties together facts and events that have resulted in the situation of today where Iran is an enemy whilst Saudi Arabia is allied to the United States. These facts are found in literature that studies parts of the contents of this thesis. The descriptive analysis is thereafter examined through three propositions that are derived from realism, constructivism and path dependence in an analysis that creates an understanding of US foreign policy towards Iran and Saudi Arabia with the use of theory. The thesis concludes that each theoretical perspective has its own interpretations and that the United States foreign relationships with Iran and Saudi Arabia can be understood through: balance of power, balance of threat and hegemonic stability (realism); ideological distance (constructivism); and historical continuity (path dependence).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 43 p.
Keyword [en]
Iran, USA, Saudi Arabia, Constructivism, Path Dependency, Realism, International Relations
Keyword [sv]
Iran, USA, Saudiarabien, Konstruktivism, Spårbundenhet, Realism, Internationella Relationer
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6622OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-6622DiVA: diva2:1077119
Subject / course
Political Science with focus on crisis management and security
Educational program
Kandidatprogrammet
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-03-17 Created: 2017-02-25 Last updated: 2017-03-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf