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Enhancing change detection of the unexpected in monitoring tasks: guiding visual attention in command and control assessment
Swedish Defence University, Department of Military Studies, Command & Control Studies Division.
Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
2016 (English)In: 21st International Command and Control Reserach and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS): C2 in a Complex Connected Battlespace, International Command and Control Institute , 2016, Vol. Topic 5, 1-18 p., 054Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Many surveillance tasks in military command and control involve monitoring for change in a visual display environment in order to discover potential hazards or new opportunities. Effective change detection in various situational pictures is a requisite for battlespace understanding. The detection of unexpected events is particularly difficult and missed events may cause malicious outcomes in contexts characterized by high levels of complexity and risk. We present examples of change detection failures in the military domain, and explain why and how the psychological phenomena of change blindness and inattentional blindness can generate such failures. We further give an overview of existing solutions to these problems and point out a specific issue, coping with unexpected events, where effective solutions are missing today. Inadequate expectations may be a result of misdirection by the enemy. This article demonstrates a new concept – an adaptive attention aware system (A3S) for enhanced change detection. The A3S is a concept of gentle support. It is based on cuing of visual attention by a non-obtrusive flash cue in the display (bottom-up), to compensate for guidance by inadequate expectations (top-down) in situations influenced by high levels of uncertainty.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Command and Control Institute , 2016. Vol. Topic 5, 1-18 p., 054
Keyword [en]
command and control (C2), change detection, change blindness, inattentional blindness
National Category
Human Aspects of ICT
Research subject
Ledningsvetenskap
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-6528OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-6528DiVA: diva2:1064931
Conference
21th International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS), 6-8 September, London, UK
Available from: 2017-01-13 Created: 2017-01-13 Last updated: 2017-01-18Bibliographically approved

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Spak, Ulrik

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf