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Risk propensity within the military: a study of Swedish soldiers and officers
Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Risk Research, ISSN 1366-9877, E-ISSN 1466-4461, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 55-68Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Issues concerning risks in the military have gained increased attention within the Swedish Armed Forces, particularly relating to the new focus on an all voluntary force participating in international missions. Military activities inevitably include an element of calculated risk-taking, while at the same time the unnecessary taking of risks must be minimized. Within the context of the specific mission and situation, a number of factors relating to demographic variables, traits and beliefs may influence individual inclinations towards risk behaviour. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between such factors and individual risk propensity. Data were collected from two samples of Swedish soldiers and officers. Examining demographic variables, negative safety values and risk propensity were found to decrease with age, while men demonstrated a more sceptical view of safety measures and a higher risk propensity than women. The trait known as lack of deliberation, reflecting an inability to think ahead and foresee consequences, was positively related to risk propensity. A more sceptical view of safety was shown to be associated with a higher sense of personal invincibility and together with lack of deliberation predicted variations in danger-seeking scores. The distinction between functional and non-functional risk-taking is discussed on the basis of the relationships found in the study. Implications for recruitment to the military as well as for training and leadership are suggested, emphasizing the need for military leaders to balance their leadership in terms of safety-oriented and risk-promoting behaviours.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2015. Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 55-68
Emneord [en]
military, deliberation, risk propensity, safety values, danger-seeking, invincibility
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5134DOI: 10.1080/13669877.2013.879489ISI: 000346840300005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-5134DiVA, id: diva2:777998
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-01-09 Laget: 2015-01-09 Sist oppdatert: 2018-06-29bibliografisk kontrollert

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