Logo: to the web site of the Swedish Defence University

fhs.se
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
From Peacetime to War: A path analysis of the factors that predict performance among police and military commanders in collaborative crisis response
Royal Norwegian Naval Academy, Norwegian Defense University College, Laksevåg, Norway, (NOR).
Emergency Response Team Selection and Training Department, Oslo Police, Oslo, Norway, (NOR).
Center for Crisis Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway, (NOR).
Swedish Defence University, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Leadership and Command & Control Division Stockholm.
2023 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 14Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: This study aimed to examine the applicability of Bandura’s social cognitive theory in predicting organizational performance in dynamic and ambiguous hybrid warfare contexts. Specifically, the study investigated the influence of dyad composition, past performance in peacetime, collective self-efficacy, and persistence on wartime performance among high-ranking police and military commanders.

Study design/methodology/approach: One hundred and thirty-eight participants, consisting of police and military commanders, took part in a simulation exercise that escalated from peace to war. The participants were assigned to three types of dyads (N = 69); all-police (n = 20), all-military (n = 27), and mixed police-military (n = 22). The study utilized path analysis to examine the direct and indirect effects of the variables on wartime performance.

Results: The model developed in this study accounted for 54% of the variance in wartime performance (R2 = 0.54). Path analysis showed direct effects of persistence (β = −0.33) and peacetime performance (β = 0.45) on actual performance in wartime. Direct effects also showed how persistence was predicted by dyad composition (β = −0.24) and peacetime performance (β = −0.50). Indirect effects indicated how persistence mediated the effects of peacetime performance (β = 0.17) and dyad composition (β = 0.08) on actual performance in wartime.

Originality/value: This study contributes to the understanding of how social cognitive factors, as described by Bandura’s theory, can predict decision outcomes in collaborative crisis response settings involving police and military commanders. The findings have implications for policy-making and provide recommendations for further research in this area.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023. Vol. 14
Keywords [en]
hybrid warfare, decision-making, collaborative crisis response, organizational performance, persistence, collective self-efficacy, police-military interoperability
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Leadership and Command & Control
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-12052DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1238760OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-12052DiVA, id: diva2:1822317
Available from: 2023-12-22 Created: 2023-12-22 Last updated: 2024-01-04Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full text

Authority records

Espevik, Roar

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Espevik, Roar
By organisation
Leadership and Command & Control Division Stockholm
In the same journal
Frontiers in Psychology
Applied Psychology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 149 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf