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Forward and Backward Recalling Sequences in Spatial and Verbal Memory Tasks: What Do We Measure?
Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Avdelningen för ledarskap och ledning i Karlstad. Research Institutes of Sweden (RISE), Division Safety and Transport, Department of Measurement Science and Technology, Gothenburg.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-3700-3921
Department of Neurology, Charité—Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Corporate Member of Freie Universität Berlin and Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, NCRC—Neuroscience Clinical Research Center, Charité—Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Corporate Member of Freie Universität Berlin and Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, (DEU).ORCID-id: 0000-0001-6592-2493
The PRO-CARE Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, Kristianstad University, Kristianstad, (SWE).ORCID-id: 0000-0003-2174-372X
The PRO-CARE Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, Kristianstad University, The Research Platform for Collaboration for Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Kristianstad University, Kristianstad, (SWE).ORCID-id: 0000-0003-4820-6203
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2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Entropy, E-ISSN 1099-4300, Vol. 25, nr 5Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

There are different views in the literature about the number and inter-relationships of cognitive domains (such as memory and executive function) and a lack of understanding of the cognitive processes underlying these domains. In previous publications, we demonstrated a methodology for formulating and testing cognitive constructs for visuo-spatial and verbal recall tasks, particularly for working memory task difficulty where entropy is found to play a major role. In the present paper, we applied those insights to a new set of such memory tasks, namely, backward recalling block tapping and digit sequences. Once again, we saw clear and strong entropy-based construct specification equations (CSEs) for task difficulty. In fact, the entropy contributions in the CSEs for the different tasks were of similar magnitudes (within the measurement uncertainties), which may indicate a shared factor in what is being measured with both forward and backward sequences, as well as visuo-spatial and verbal memory recalling tasks more generally. On the other hand, the analyses of dimensionality and the larger measurement uncertainties in the CSEs for the backward sequences suggest that caution is needed when attempting to unify a single unidimensional construct based on forward and backward sequences with visuo-spatial and verbal memory tasks.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2023. Vol. 25, nr 5
Nyckelord [en]
cognition, visuo-spatial memory, verbal memory, metrology, neuropsychology, neuropsychological assessments, neurodegenerative diseases, cognitive neuroscience, Rasch
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URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-12019DOI: 10.3390/e25050813OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-12019DiVA, id: diva2:1819086
Tillgänglig från: 2023-12-13 Skapad: 2023-12-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-12-18Bibliografiskt granskad

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Melin, Jeanette

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Melin, JeanetteGöschel, LauraHagell, PeterWestergren, AlbertPendrill, Leslie R
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