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“They treat us like visitors in our own house”: Relational peace and local experiences of the state in Myanmar
Department of Political Science, Umeå University, Umeå, (SWE).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2400-9144
Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Functions and Perspective Division.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9535-3276
2023 (English)In: Relational peace practices / [ed] Anna Jarstad; Johanna Söderström; Malin Åkebo, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2023, p. 127-149Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Between 2011 and 2021, political reforms and renewed peace efforts significantly reduced violence in many of Myanmar’s conflict-affected regions. Despite this, people living in these areas did not agree that they enjoyed peace; rather, this period is described as a continuation of the war’s many injustices, marked by discrimination, marginalization, and fear. This chapter argues that a relational analysis of peace can enable us to make sense of this gap between drastically different assessments of peace and conflict. The analysis draws on focus group discussions, interviews, and participant observation with local civilians, civil society activists, and members of non-state armed groups conducted in 2019 in two regions, Kayah and Mon States. A relational perspective uncovers the fact that the fundamental logics of key conflict relationships, between the Myanmar state and ethnic minority groups and communities, have not been transformed by the peace process but instead manifest themselves in new ways, whereby armed violence has been replaced by other forms of domination, underpinned by inequality, non-recognition, and distrust. Exploring these relational dynamics enables us to pinpoint areas and issues that prevent the emergence of a sustainable and legitimate peace, and demonstrate the importance of relational aspects for people’s experiences of everyday peace.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2023. p. 127-149
Series
New approaches to conflict analysis
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
War Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11992DOI: 10.7765/9781526168979.00012ISBN: 9781526168962 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-11992DiVA, id: diva2:1816676
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, M16-0297:1Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P19-1494:1Available from: 2023-12-04 Created: 2023-12-04 Last updated: 2023-12-04Bibliographically approved

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Hedström, Jenny

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • ieee
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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