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Women in Myanmar: Change and Continuity
Swedish Defence University, Department of War Studies and Military History, Functions and Perspective Division.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9535-3276
Department of Political Science, Umeå University, Umeå, (SWE).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2400-9144
(MMR).
2023 (English)In: Myanmar: Politics, Economy and Society / [ed] Adam Simpson; Nicholas Farrelly, London: Routledge, 2023, 2, p. 220-236Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Gender inequalities have persisted across macro-political changes in Myanmar. The decade of reforms provided more opportunities for women, but the 2021 military coup reinstated an almost exclusively male-dominated decision-making structure in the country. While Myanmar is home to numerous ethnic groups with diverse cultures, norms and traditions, the work of women activists and scholars has revealed widespread patterns of discrimination against women. Notably, this reality contrasts sharply with a popular official rhetoric about Burmese women’s ‘inherent equality’ with men – a narrative that has arguably done more to bolster the legitimacy of Myanmar’s governments than to improve women’s lives. This chapter provides an analysis of change and continuity in terms of both opportunities and challenges for realising women’s equality in Myanmar. Taking the situation of women during military rule before 2011 as a starting point, the analysis next moves on to exploring women’s experiences of the transition and their attempts at leveraging political openings for gender equality under the NLD government. We then explore the effects of the 2021 military coup on women, before concluding with a discussion of future challenges and opportunities for women’s rights in Myanmar.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2023, 2. p. 220-236
National Category
Gender Studies Political Science
Research subject
War Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11987DOI: 10.4324/9781003386063ISBN: 9781003386063 (electronic)ISBN: 9781032478098 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-11987DiVA, id: diva2:1816641
Available from: 2023-12-04 Created: 2023-12-04 Last updated: 2023-12-21Bibliographically approved

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Hedström, Jenny

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf