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Test of brief scale designed to measure high-level managers' indirect leadership
Swedish Defence University, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Leadership and Command & Control Division Karlstad. Department of Health and Welfare, Inland University College of Applied Science, Elverum, Norway, (NOR).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8274-6065
Swedish Defence University, Institutionen för ledarskap och ledning, Leadership and Command & Control Division Karlstad.
Swedish Defence University, Centre for Societal Security, Leadership Concepts Division.
2024 (English)In: Management Research Review, ISSN 2040-8269, Vol. 47, no 1, p. 86-98Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The Indirect Leadership Questionnaire (ILQ) is constructed to measure important parts of a theoretical model of indirect leadership to be used in leadership courses for high-level managers. The ILQ consists of 15 model-derived items plus extra space that provides for free-text comments. This study aims to evaluate the psychometric properties of the ILQ, its predictive power and practical usefulness in indirect leadership courses and to evaluate the indirect leadership model in the light of new data.

Design/methodology/approach – The study sample consisted of 225 higher managers and 6–10 of their subordinates (total: 1,703). The latter were working at least two hierarchical levels below their higher manager. The managers made self-ratings, and the subordinates rated their respective higher manager using the ILQ.

Findings – Results showed that the ILQ has acceptable psychometric properties in terms of dimensionality(two model-compatible factors were obtained), reliability, discriminability and predictive power. Previousproblems with many “Don’t know” responses from subordinates working two or more hierarchical levels below their higher manager were considerably reduced. A qualitative analysis of the free-text responsess howed that indirect leadership behaviors that can be seen as inspirational influence and communication skills should be more emphasized in future indirect leadership courses. The leaders’ personality, task-related competence and performance-orientation were also highlighted more than in the indirect leadership model.

Research limitations/implications – It was concluded that the ILQ is a useful tool in indirect leadership courses but that it is too limited to be used as a basis for theory development of indirect leadership.

Originality/value – The ILQ has acceptable psychometric properties and provides an easy-to-use tool togain practical, usable knowledge of the “how’s” of indirect leadership

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2024. Vol. 47, no 1, p. 86-98
Keywords [en]
Indirect leadership, Indirect leadership questionnaire (ILQ), Psychometric properties, Free-text responses, Leadership courses, High-level managers, Management in practice
National Category
Social Sciences Work Sciences
Research subject
Leadership and Command & Control
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11841OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-11841DiVA, id: diva2:1802403
Available from: 2023-10-04 Created: 2023-10-04 Last updated: 2023-12-28Bibliographically approved

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Larsson, GerryHenrysson, Jonas

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