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Commercial Space Risk Framework Assessing the Satellite Ground Station Security Landscape for NATO in the Arctic and High North
(USA).
(USA).
Swedish Defence University, Department of Systems Science for Defence and Security, Systems Science for Defence and Security Division.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4376-9800
(USA).
2022 (English)In: 40th IEEE Military Communications Conference, Rockville, MD, USA, November 28 - December 2, 2022., IEEE , 2022, p. 679-686Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Satellite ground stations in the Arctic and High North are of strategic importance to NATO, given their ability to collect intelligence from space assets in polar Earth orbit. Commercial space infrastructure such as ground systems are increasingly dual-use, employed for both civilian and defense purposes. Their dual-use could cause them to become military targets. As such, commercial operators must strategically consider ground station placement to optimize for utility, while accounting for their security risk. This research presents a frame-work to assess the commercial satellite ground station security landscape by outlining security and performance tradeoffs given geographic location, including proximity to potential adversaries, and designates eight separate risk regions. Particularly, Sweden's and Finland's space infrastructure is of focus given their recent application to join NATO in the wake of Russian aggression. The paper concludes that, to secure ground stations and the assets and services that they enable, a comprehensive risk evaluation including positioning of ground stations is critical.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE , 2022. p. 679-686
Series
MILCOM IEEE Military Communications Conference, ISSN 2155-7578, E-ISSN 2155-7586
Keywords [en]
Space Security, Satellite Communications, Ground Station Security, Space Cybersecurity, NATO, Space Infrastructure, Commercial Ground Stations, Dual-Use, Ground Station as a Service
National Category
Information Systems
Research subject
Systems science for defence and security
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11401DOI: 10.1109/MILCOM55135.2022.10017538ISBN: 978-1-6654-8535-7 (print)ISBN: 978-1-6654-8534-0 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-11401DiVA, id: diva2:1732579
Conference
2022 IEEE Military Communications Conference (MILCOM)
Available from: 2023-01-31 Created: 2023-01-31 Last updated: 2023-06-16Bibliographically approved

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Sigholm, Johan

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf