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Boots On The Ground? How Strategic Culture Influences The Role Of The Armed Forces In Domestic Counterterrorism
Swedish Defence University.
2023 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Similar countries are often expected to respond to threats in similar ways. Nevertheless, in Europe alone, similar countries have responded significantly different to the threat of terrorism. The purpose of this thesis is to examine how strategic culture, based on five elements (dominant threat perception; core tasks of the armed forces; willingness to use force; civil-military relation, and public opinion) have influenced the role of the armed forces in domestic counterterrorism in Belgium and Sweden. Albeit previous research has addressed the role of the armed forces in domestic security and counterterrorism, it has not empirically conducted a systematic comparison of two countries with differing roles. Moreover, the theoretical explanations have been insufficient in explaining why some countries use their armed forces whilst others do not. Thus, by employing a comparative case study, utilizing a qualitative content analysis aimed at analysing strategic and defence documents, articles, and previous research, I sought to investigate how strategic culture have influenced the role of the armed forces in domestic counterterrorism between 2014-2020, something that has been largely neglected in previous research. The findings demonstrated differences in all five elements, indicating that strategic culture likely influence the role of the armed forces in Sweden and Belgium. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023. , p. 51
Keywords [en]
Strategic culture, counterterrorism, domestic security, Belgium, Sweden, armed forces, war studies
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11362OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-11362DiVA, id: diva2:1729608
Subject / course
War Studies, Thesis
Educational program
Master's programme in Politics, Security and War
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2023-01-26 Created: 2023-01-21 Last updated: 2024-01-30Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf