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Political skill in higher military staff: Measurement properties and latent profile analysis
Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad. Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, (SWE).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9423-5916
Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, (SWE).
Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad. Department of Health and Social Science, Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, (NOR).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8274-6065
Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, (SWE).
2022 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 63, no 2, p. 144-154Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Social effectiveness, including political skill, reflects individuals’ ways of handling interpersonal processes at work. Most research has used a variable-oriented approach to investigate associations between political skill and key organizational factors, including performance, in civil settings. Thus, little is known of whether political skill transfers to a military context and whether there are specific profiles of political skill. Combining variable-oriented and person-oriented approaches, this study used self-reports from two samples of military student officers to: (1) investigate measurement properties of the 18-item political skill inventory; (2) explore whether it is possible to identify different profiles of political skill; and (3) investigate whether such profiles differ in demographics, personality, and job performance. Exploratory (sample 1: n = 185) and confirmatory (sample 2: n = 183) factor analyses supported a four-dimensional representation of political skill including networking ability, apparent sincerity, social astuteness, and interpersonal influence. Latent profile analysis (samples 1 and 2: N = 368) identified four distinct combinations of these dimensions, namely: (1) weak political skill; (2) weak political skill with strong sincerity; (3) moderate political skill; and (4) strong political skill. Importantly, profiles differed consistently in networking ability. Subsequent comparisons suggested potentially important differences in demographics, personality, and job performance. Despite needing additional research of how profiles of political skill develop over time, these findings may have practical implications for recruitment and training in organizational settings where social effectiveness is important.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. Vol. 63, no 2, p. 144-154
Keywords [en]
measurement properties, latent profile analysis, social effectiveness, military, psychology, developmental and educational psychology
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-10441DOI: 10.1111/sjop.12784ISI: 000715911800001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-10441DiVA, id: diva2:1612037
Available from: 2021-11-17 Created: 2021-11-17 Last updated: 2022-07-13Bibliographically approved

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Ohlsson, AliciaLarsson, Gerry

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