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Hurricane Sandy: A Crisis Analysis Case Study
Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section, Sektionen för krishantering och internationell samverkan.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2892-7345
2020 (English)In: Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics / [ed] William R. Thompson, editor in chief, Oxford University Press , 2020Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Spontaneous, so-called emergent groups often arise in response to emergencies, disasters, and crises where citizens and relief workers find that pre-established norms of behavior, roles, and practices come into flux because of the severity and uncertainty of the situation. The scholarship on emergent groups dates to 1950s sociological theory on emergence and convergence, whereas contemporary research forms part of the wider disaster scholarship field. Emergent groups have been conceptualized and theorized from various angles, ranging from discussions around their effectiveness, to their possibilities as channels for the positive forces of citizen’s altruism, as well as to more skeptical accounts detailing the challenges emergent groups may pose for established emergency management organizations in relief situations. Scarce scholarly attention, however, is paid to the role of emergent groups when it comes to empowering marginalized and vulnerable communities. The few empirical studies that exist suggest linkages between active participation in emergent groups and empowerment of otherwise marginalized communities, as shown in an ethnographic study of the work of Occupy Sandy that emerged in the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy that struck New York City in 2012. Although more systematic research is warranted, such empirical examples show potential in terms of shifting emergency and disaster management toward more inclusionary, participatory, and empowering practices. As low-income communities, often of color, experience the increasingly harsh effects of climate change, important issues to ponder are inclusion, participation, and empowerment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press , 2020.
Keywords [en]
emergent groups, empowerment, emancipation, disaster risk reduction (DRR), disaster relief, disaster management, emergency management, Hurricane Sandy, crisis analysis
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot krishantering och internationell samverkan
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-10392DOI: 10.1093/acrefore/9780190228637.013.1598OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-10392DiVA, id: diva2:1602358
Available from: 2021-10-12 Created: 2021-10-12 Last updated: 2021-10-12Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full texthttps://oxfordre.com/politics/view/10.1093/acrefore/9780190228637.001.0001/acrefore-9780190228637-e-1598

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Bondesson, Sara

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