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Interrelationship of daily uplifts, daily hassles, coping strategies and stress reactions over time among Norwegian military veterans
Norwegian Armed Forces Veteran Centre, Kongsvinger, (NOR).
Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Leadership Division, Karlstad.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8274-6065
2020 (English)In: Res Militaris, E-ISSN 2265-6294, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 1-21Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this research was to gain deeper understanding of how military personnel with a record of participation in international operations experience the interaction between daily uplifts, daily hassles, coping strategies and stress reactions over time. Interviews were conducted with 15 Norwegian veterans who were guests at the Norwegian Armed Forces Veteran Centre, who had served in different international military operations between 1978 and 2012. Using the grounded theory method, five time periods were identified showing evolving patterns. The theoretical model developed showed that over time, the veterans could be categorized in four sub-groups according to how their everyday lives were affected by daily uplifts, daily hassles and different coping strategies. The research identified several factors which immediately, and over time, can evolve in such a way they lead to stress reactions and PTSD. Mentionable factors are training and education of non-combatant personnel, lack of follow-up, the duality of pride and deprivation of cohesion after duty. Identifying these factors is important for future development of educational systems before deployment and for better follow-up systems afterwards.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. Vol. 10, no 2, p. 1-21
Keywords [en]
Norwegian armed forces, veterans, war, uplifts, hassles, coping, PTSD, stress reactions, pride, cohesion
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-9530OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-9530DiVA, id: diva2:1507277
Available from: 2020-12-07 Created: 2020-12-07 Last updated: 2021-11-29Bibliographically approved

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Larsson, Gerry

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
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  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf