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Between the eagle and the bear: Explaining the alignment strategies of the Nordic countries in the 21st century
Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Political Science Section, Sektionen för säkerhetespolitik och strategi.
Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Division of Strategy.
2020 (English)In: Comparative Strategy, ISSN 0149-5933, E-ISSN 1521-0448, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 191-208Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article shows that all four Nordic countries, i.e., Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden, have adjusted their alignment strategies when responding to the changes in their external environment during the twenty-first century. Furthermore, our findings indicate a great diversity among the four states in their responses. All too often, security policy analyses cluster small states into allies and non-allies, respectively. However, this article suggests that alliance affiliation in isolation is not sufficient for explaining small states’ behavior and adjustments of their strategies. Occasionally, previous experiences of armed conflicts as well as perceptions of strategic exposure provide stronger explanatory power.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. Vol. 39, no 2, p. 191-208
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Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Statsvetenskap med inriktning mot strategi och säkerhetspolitik; Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-9112DOI: 10.1080/01495933.2020.1718994OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-9112DiVA, id: diva2:1423092
Available from: 2020-04-13 Created: 2020-04-13 Last updated: 2021-03-12Bibliographically approved

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Edström, HåkanWestberg, Jacob

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  • Other locale
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