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The Legal Fog of an Illusion: Three Reflections on “Organization” and “Intensity” as Criteria for the Temporal Scope of the Law of Non-International Armed Conflict
Swedish Defence University, Department of Security, Strategy and Leadership (ISSL), Centre for International and Operational Law.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8261-5660
2019 (English)In: International Law Studies, ISSN 2375-2831, E-ISSN 2299-3843, Vol. 95, p. 161-178Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The "organization" of the non-State armed group and the "intensity" of the violence between it and its opponent(s) have emerged as the two key criteria to determine the temporal scope of the law of non-international armed conflict. These criteria have served to lift the fog of law in some important respects. Yet, several aspects of the temporal scope of the law of non-international armed conflict remain unsettled. This article addresses three of them, namely the assertion that the factors for ascertaining organization and intensity that have evolved in the jurisprudence of international criminal courts and tribunals are indicative rather than determinative, to whom the criterion of organization is to be applied, and whether the requisite level of intensity of armed violence can be cumulative when multiple organized armed groups are pitted against each other and government forces even though the armed violence that arises in the bilateral relations between two opposing parties does not reach the requisite level of intensity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law of the U.S. Naval War College , 2019. Vol. 95, p. 161-178
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Juridik med inriktning mot folkrätt
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8653OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-8653DiVA, id: diva2:1330029
Available from: 2019-06-25 Created: 2019-06-25 Last updated: 2019-12-20Bibliographically approved

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Kleffner, Jann

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CiteExportLink to record
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Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
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  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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