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The common operational picture: A powerful enabler or a cause of severe misunderstanding?
Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Avdelningen för ledningsvetenskap och militärteknik (ALM), Ledningssektionen (Ledn).
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: 22st International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS): Frontiers of C2 / [ed] Alberts, David, International Command and Control Institute , 2017, Vol. Topic 4, artikkel-id 63Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

The representation of the operational environment is crucial in all military operations because it is a necessity for the command and control (C2) function that provides the operation with direction and coordination. The representation, typically in the form of a common operational picture (COP), is considered the key element for establishing situation awareness and understanding for the commander and his/her staff. This article begins by presenting a theoretical overview of the COP concept. Thereafter, empirical support is given that officers conceptualize the COP differently, relating it to different stages of the C2 process and referring to the COP as sometimes an artifact and sometimes a mental state or a product in the human mind. For example, some officers may focus on the representation of the current operational environment; others may focus on representations of courses of actions whereas others may focus on future planned events. This may cause severe misunderstanding when officers use the COP concept in communication.

This article provides a proposition to make the COP concept more specific – connecting the different stages in the C2 process to specific instantiations of the COP. Moreover, regardless of which stage in the C2 process the instantiations of the COP relate to, it has to be adapted to that specific stage in order to be a powerful enabler. This article concludes by introducing a new concept, the Prepared Common Operational Picture (PCOP).

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
International Command and Control Institute , 2017. Vol. Topic 4, artikkel-id 63
Serie
International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (ICCRTS) proceedings, E-ISSN 2577-1604
Emneord [en]
common operational picture (COP), command and control (C2), situation awareness (SA), C2 process
Emneord [sv]
lägesbild, ledning, situationsförståelse, ledningsprocess
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Ledningsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7172ISBN: 9780999724606 (digital)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-7172DiVA, id: diva2:1171677
Konferanse
22st International Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium 2017 (ICCRTS 2017), 6-8 November, Los Angeles, USA
Prosjekter
Ledning och samverkan i kris och krig.
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Armed ForcesTilgjengelig fra: 2018-01-08 Laget: 2018-01-08 Sist oppdatert: 2019-08-26bibliografisk kontrollert

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