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Trust in a military context: What contributes to trust in superior and subordinate leaders
Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum. Karlstads universitet.
Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum. Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för ledarskap och management (ILM).
Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum. Department of Leadership Development, Royal Norwegian Naval Academy, Bergen, Norway.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-8274-6065
Department of Psychosocial Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
Visa övriga samt affilieringar
2013 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Trust Research, ISSN 2151-5581, E-ISSN 2151-559X, Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 125-145Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim was to explore which components military personnel in peacekeeping operations perceive as contributing to trust in their superior and subordinate leaders during international or national operations or exercises. Data were collected among 591 military officers and cadets from Norway and Sweden using a questionnaire with open-ended questions. Two superior categories emerged: Individual-Related Characteristics and Communication- and Relationship-Related Characteristics. The former is made up of the higher-level categories Personal attributes and Experience and competence. The latter is derived from the higher-level categories Consideration and inspiration and Effective communication. In turn, all higher-level categories are underpinned by a number of subcategories (13 altogether). When comparing trust in superior leaders with trust in subordinate leaders, the results show that trust in superiors is characterised to a greater extent by Communication- and Relationship-related characteristics and also by Experience and professional knowledge. Trust in subordinate leaders is characterised to a greater extent by Personal attributes and Management competence.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Taylor & Francis Group, 2013. Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 125-145
Nyckelord [en]
trust, military, character-based trust, relationship-based trust, leadership
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi (exklusive tillämpad psykologi)
Forskningsämne
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-4550DOI: 10.1080/21515581.2013.820029OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-4550DiVA, id: diva2:714379
Tillgänglig från: 2014-04-28 Skapad: 2014-04-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-08-01Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Military Leaders and Trust
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Military Leaders and Trust
2015 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis is to study trust in military leaders. Empirical data was gathered through interviews and questionnaires with military personnel mostly from Sweden, but also from four other European countries.

Paper I illustrates that trust in military leaders can be theoretically understood in terms of a hierarchical system of categories, higher-level categories and two superior categories labelled Individual-related and Communication- and relationship-related characteristics.

Paper II examines how trust between military leaders and their subordinates is related to negative critical incidents in international operations. The results show that trust can be affected by pre-existing influences, of both an individual and contextual nature. The level of trust that develops between leaders and subordinates appears to have an influence on perceptions and re-evaluations of leaders’ trustworthiness during and after involvement in critical incidents.

In Paper III, an instrument, Destrudo-L, was developed to measure destructive leadership behaviours on five different dimensions: Arrogant, unfair, Threats, punishments, overdemands, Ego-oriented, false, Passive, cowardly, and Uncertain, unclear, messy.

In Paper IV the relationship between constructive and destructive leadership behaviours and trust is examined. The results show that constructive leadership contributed most to trust in the immediate supervisor. A great deal of trust in immediate supervisors can be understood by evaluating both constructive and destructive leadership behaviours.

This thesis contributes with context-specific knowledge on trust in leaders in a military context and knowledge of psychological processes and individual dispositions that shape and change the willingness to trust leaders. The main findings presented in this thesis are the identification of characteristics of the trustor, the trustee, and the context which influences trust in military leaders.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2015. s. 194
Serie
Karlstad University studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2015:37
Nyckelord
military leadership, trust, destructive leadership, constructive leadership, destrudo-L
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi
Forskningsämne
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-5445 (URN)9789170636554 (ISBN)
Disputation
2015-10-02, Sjöströmsalen, Karlstad, 10:06 (Svenska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2015-06-25 Skapad: 2015-06-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-04-11Bibliografiskt granskad

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