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Stress reactions following acute situations involving moral challenges among health care professionals
Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-8274-6065
Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-8422-8840
Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
Försvarshögskolan, Institutionen för säkerhet, strategi och ledarskap (ISSL), Ledarskapscentrum.
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2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 59, nr 2, s. 177-185Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Many health care professionals have to make morally difficult decisions during acute, stressful situations. The aim was to explore the applicability of an existing qualitatively developed model of individual reactions among professional first responders following such situations using a quantitative approach. According to the model, the interaction of antecedent individual and contextual characteristics affect the immediate emotional reactions to acute, stressful events involving a moral dilemma. Continuous coping efforts and the quality of social support will also affect the long‐term positive and negative reactions to the event. The participants (n = 204, about 50% response rate) represented three Swedish health care professions stationed at a university hospital and a regional hospital: Physicians (n = 50), nurses (n = 94) and “others” (n =60, mainly social welfare officers and assistant nurses). Except for the personality dimension emotional stability which was measured using an established instrument, all measurement scales were operationalizations of codes and categories from the qualitative study (ten scales altogether). Four multiple regression analyses were performed with long‐term positive and negative reactions in everyday acute and morally extremely taxing situations respectively as dependent variables. The outcome showed that long‐term positive reactions covaried with much use of the coping strategies Emotional distancing and Constructive emotional confrontation and a perception of a well‐functioning Formal social support. Regarding long‐term negative reactions, higher age and little use of Emotional distancing accounted for much of the variance. Immediate emotional reactions also contributed significantly. Conclusion: the results largely supported the model concepts and their assumed relationships.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2018. Vol. 59, nr 2, s. 177-185
Nyckelord [en]
health care, stress, moral dilemma, coping, immediate reactions, long-term reactions
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykologi
Forskningsämne
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7368DOI: 10.1111/sjop.12425OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-7368DiVA, id: diva2:1193171
Tillgänglig från: 2018-03-26 Skapad: 2018-03-26 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-06Bibliografiskt granskad

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Larsson, GerryNilsson, SofiaHyllengren, PederOhlsson, Alicia

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Larsson, GerryNilsson, SofiaHyllengren, PederOhlsson, Alicia
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Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
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