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Decision-Making Styles and Physiological Correlates of Negative Stress: Is There a Relation?
Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Krigsvetenskapliga avdelningen (KVA).
2008 (engelsk)Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 49, nr 3, s. 213-219Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

There are 5 independent, although not mutually exclusive, styles used by military officers when making decisions: rational, intuitive, dependent, avoidant, and spontaneous (Scott & Bruce, 1995). The rational and intuitive styles are part of the cognitive style concept, whereas the conceptual foundation of the remaining 3 styles is less clear. The dependent and the avoidant styles were expected to be accompanied by increased levels of negative stress, while this was not expected of the remaining 3 styles. This hypothesis was put to test. Twenty-three male Swedish Army majors were asked to make decisions in 2 different military situations. Their decision styles were measured by the General Decision Making Style inventory (GDMS; Scott & Bruce, 1995). Saliva cortisol release indicated negative stress and was measured on 4 occasions: twice before, after the first decision, and after the second decision. The avoidant style was related to negative stress, as predicted. There was, however, no difference between the base-line measurements and the after-decision measurements, suggesting that officers with an avoidant decision style may, in general, have higher levels of cortisol secretion (i.e., being more of the worrying kind).

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2008. Vol. 49, nr 3, s. 213-219
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URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-469DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9450.2008.00640.xISI: 000255062000002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-469DiVA, id: diva2:302739
Tilgjengelig fra: 2010-03-09 Laget: 2010-03-09 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-12bibliografisk kontrollert

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