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Sweden’s approach to China’s Belt and Road Initiative: Still a glass half-empty
Försvarshögskolan, Militärvetenskapliga institutionen (MVI), Taktikavdelningen (TA), Marksektionen (Mark). The Swedish Institute of International Affairs.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-5426-8238
The Swedish Institute of International Affairs.
2017 (engelsk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

In 2013 China’s President Xi Jinping launched the “One Belt, One Road” (OBOR) initiative, later renamed the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), which involves China undertaking to make infrastructure investments worth billions of US dollars in the countries along the old Silk Road connecting China with Europe. While commonly seen as an infrastructure initiative aimed at strengthening the Chinese economy, it is also a political project with far-reaching strategic aims.

This UI Brief outlines how China has approached the BRI with Sweden, how Sweden has responded and the perceptions of major Swedish stakeholders. It finds that Swedish officials are often highly cautious, maintaining a wait-and see policy. While also cautious, members of the business community are cautiously optimistic and have been more actively following BRI-related developments, seeking out avenues for potential business. The actual impact of BRI in Sweden, however, is so far very limited.

The Brief concludes that Sweden’s approach to BRI has been too reactive and too passive. It argues that both the government and the business community need to engage more actively with the BRI in order to maximize its possible benefits. To this end, a national strategy is needed that includes the government and the business sector. Better coordination is also needed between government agencies and to link existing intra-governmental cooperation with the business community. Their importance cannot be overemphasized as the BRI is a political project, not an idealistic free-market endeavour.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Stockholm, 2017. , s. 13
Serie
UI paper ; 1/2017
Emneord [en]
Belt and Road, One Belt One Road, OBOR, AIIB, BRI, Silk Road Economic Belt, New Silk Road, China, Sweden
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Krigsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7051OAI: oai:DiVA.org:fhs-7051DiVA, id: diva2:1144485
Prosjekter
Power Shift in East Asia
Forskningsfinansiär
Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation, 203.0162Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-09-26 Laget: 2017-09-26 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-13bibliografisk kontrollert

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