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Publications (10 of 10) Show all publications
Ekman, L. (2017). Fighting for Strangers?: Military Duty in Contemporary War. In: Michael Holenweger, Michael Karl Jager, and Franz Kernic (Ed.), Leadership in Extreme Situations: (pp. 167-180). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fighting for Strangers?: Military Duty in Contemporary War
2017 (English)In: Leadership in Extreme Situations / [ed] Michael Holenweger, Michael Karl Jager, and Franz Kernic, Springer, 2017, p. 167-180Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This chapter explores the concept of military duty in the context of contemporary war. It focuses on the recent developments in the normative and strategic frameworks of Western military operations, which emphasize that mission effectiveness is largely dependent on the security and wellbeing of the local population. This has seemingly stretched the traditional notion of military duty, which is to master and apply organized military force to achieve political objectives and defeat the enemy on the battlefield. Based on empirical insights from the U.S. military and its recent missions in Iraq and Afghanistan, the chapter argues that this development has created tensions between political and military understandings of duty, as well as between organizational and individual notions of duty within the U.S. military. Conflicting notions of military duty hold important policy implications to both domestic civil-military relations and U.S. military power abroad because they challenge the integrity of political objectives and threaten military cohesion and unity of effort with regard to the management of local populations during war.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2017
Series
Advanced Sciences and Technologies for Security Applications, ISSN 1613-5113
Keywords
military duty, U.S. Armed Forces, Afghanistan, local population, peace operations
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7106 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-55059-6_10 (DOI)978-3-319-55059-6 (ISBN)978-3-319-55058-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-11-21 Created: 2017-11-21 Last updated: 2017-11-22Bibliographically approved
Ekman, L.A Duty to Save, Support, or Serve the Locals?: Swedish Military Members’ Notions of Military Duty in the Field.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Duty to Save, Support, or Serve the Locals?: Swedish Military Members’ Notions of Military Duty in the Field
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The notion of military duty is becoming increasingly complex in contemporary global security dynamics. Increasing regional instability has renewed focus on national security concerns and the reinstatement of conscription in several European states, nevertheless most European armed forces mainly conduct military operations elsewhere with a principal focus on addressing ‘population-oriented’ security concerns of host states. This dual nature of military duty raises a number of questions, including what contemporary understanding of duty guides the decision-making and behavior of military professionals. The article investigates how population-oriented objectives and responsibilities shape notions of military duty in the context of international military operations. Based on interviews with Swedish military personnel with experiences of international deployment, the article identifies a number of empirical tensions between general notions of military duty and the individual sense of responsibility and obligation in the field.

Keywords
Military duty, international military operations, peacekeeping, local population, host-state authorities, grounded theory, national conscription, Sweden
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8852 (URN)
Available from: 2019-12-10 Created: 2019-12-10 Last updated: 2020-01-18
Ekman, L.Helping Strangers: The Role of the Local Population in Swedish Military Personnel’s Sense of Duty.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Helping Strangers: The Role of the Local Population in Swedish Military Personnel’s Sense of Duty
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Keywords
duty, Swedish military, local population, peace operations
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8322 (URN)
Available from: 2019-01-14 Created: 2019-01-14 Last updated: 2019-01-15Bibliographically approved
Ekman, L. & Nilsson, S.Learning Duty: Military Duty in Swedish Military Training and Education.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Learning Duty: Military Duty in Swedish Military Training and Education
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Keywords
duty, military organization, Sweden, military education
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap; Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8321 (URN)
Available from: 2019-01-14 Created: 2019-01-14 Last updated: 2019-11-06Bibliographically approved
Ekman, L.Local Ties that Bind?: Exploring Noncombat Contact and Understandings of Military Duty in Afghanistan.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Local Ties that Bind?: Exploring Noncombat Contact and Understandings of Military Duty in Afghanistan
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Keywords
military duty, Afghanistan, U.S. military, officers, local population, noncombat contact
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8303 (URN)
Available from: 2019-01-08 Created: 2019-01-08 Last updated: 2019-01-16Bibliographically approved
Ekman, L.Local Ties that Bind?: Exploring Noncombat Contact and Understandings of Military Duty in Afghanistan.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Local Ties that Bind?: Exploring Noncombat Contact and Understandings of Military Duty in Afghanistan
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Contemporary ‘population -oriented’ military intervention and the objectives of protecting, supporting, and fighting alongside host-nation authorities and populations pose new challenges to Western armed forces’ traditionally combat-oriented understanding of duty. The article argues that military personnel who engage in unarmed and non-threatening interaction–noncombat contact–with host citizens are more likely to develop a stronger sense of duty–perceived obligations–toward the host-nation population. Interviews with U.S. Army officers with experiences from Afghanistan show that noncombat contact with Afghan citizens led to increased willingness to safeguard the interests and well-being of the Afghan population and adapt the mission accordingly.

Keywords
Duty, host-citizen relations, U.S. Army officers, Afghanistan, noncombat contact, peace operations
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8850 (URN)
Available from: 2019-12-10 Created: 2019-12-10 Last updated: 2020-01-18
Ekman, L.Local Ties that Bind?: Exploring U.S. Military Duty toward Local Citizens in Afghanistan.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Local Ties that Bind?: Exploring U.S. Military Duty toward Local Citizens in Afghanistan
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Keywords
military duty, Afghanistan, U.S. Armed Forces, U.S. Army Officers, local population, peace operations
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7108 (URN)
Available from: 2017-11-21 Created: 2017-11-21 Last updated: 2019-01-15Bibliographically approved
Ekman, L. & Krampe, F. Post-war Legitimacy: A Framework of Relational Agency in Peacebuilding.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Post-war Legitimacy: A Framework of Relational Agency in Peacebuilding
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

There is increasing interest in the role of legitimacy in post-war societies as an indicator of social and political stability. In this chapter we propose an analytical framework that examines post-war peacebuilding processes by focusing on two central concepts: legitimacy and actors. We understand peacebuilding as rooted in the relationship between politics, namely the state in particular, and the wider society. Peacebuilding is the process wherein the structural-normative setup of the post-war state vis-à-vis society is renegotiated through various interactions between domestic state and non-state actors with, or without, the involvement of international or other external actors. The degrees to which this domestic relationship will be sustainable and peaceful is largely contingent on whether society finds it legitimate, or not. This understanding of legitimacy is important because it recognizes the importance of relational agency, which neither rejects the role and existence of the state, nor understates the agency of society in the process of rebuilding countries after internal armed conflict. Applying the framework on empirical insights from Afghanistan and Nepal, this chapter highlights the importance of relational agency and the perceived legitimacy of the domestic state-society relationship.

Keywords
Post-war legitimacy, peacebuilding, relational agency framework, Afghanistan, Nepal
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8851 (URN)
Available from: 2019-12-10 Created: 2019-12-10 Last updated: 2020-01-18
Ekman, L. & Florian, K.Post-War Legitimacy: A Framework on Relational Agency in Peacebuilding.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Post-War Legitimacy: A Framework on Relational Agency in Peacebuilding
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Keywords
legitimacy, analytical framework, relationships, peace operations, post-war peace
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7107 (URN)
Available from: 2017-11-21 Created: 2017-11-21 Last updated: 2019-01-15Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, S. & Ekman, L.Psychological mechanisms behind military personnels sense of duty in contemporary warfare.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psychological mechanisms behind military personnels sense of duty in contemporary warfare
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Ledarskap under påfrestande förhållanden; Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8325 (URN)
Available from: 2019-01-14 Created: 2019-01-14 Last updated: 2019-11-06Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-1734-4374

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