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Heydarian Pashakhanlou, Arash
Publications (7 of 7) Show all publications
Heydarian Pashakhanlou, A. (2018). Air Power in Humanitarian Intervention: Kosovo and Libya in Comparative Perspective. Defence Studies, 18(1), 39-57
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Air Power in Humanitarian Intervention: Kosovo and Libya in Comparative Perspective
2018 (English)In: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 39-57Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It would be hard to overstate the importance of air power in humanitarian intervention (HI) and the Responsibility to Protect (R2P). Yet, the role of air power in HI and R2P has been understudied. This article seeks to remedy the lack of systematic investigation. It does so by developing a framework for assessing the effectiveness of air power during military operations in HI and R2P and applies it to NATO’s air campaigns in Kosovo (Operation Allied Force) and Libya (Operation Unified Protector). Upon examination NATO is revealed to have fared better in Libya than Kosovo in positively accomplishing its stated humanitarian objectives, minimizing collateral damage and reducing the costs for the interveners, all of which are aspects considered by the model. The relative effectiveness of Operations Unified Protector is generally attributed to geography, diplomacy and technology. It is argued that better ground support, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and burden sharing are needed to enhance the utility of air power in HI and R2P even further.

Keywords
Air power, humanitarian intervention, R2P, NATO, Kosovo, Libya
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7206 (URN)10.1080/14702436.2017.1420420 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-01-11 Created: 2018-01-11 Last updated: 2018-01-29Bibliographically approved
Heydarian Pashakhanlou, A. (2018). Intelligence and Diplomacy in the Security Dilemma: Gauging Capabilities and Intentions. International Politics, 55(5), 519-536
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Intelligence and Diplomacy in the Security Dilemma: Gauging Capabilities and Intentions
2018 (English)In: International Politics, ISSN 1384-5748, E-ISSN 1740-3898, Vol. 55, no 5, p. 519-536Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Determining whether the opposition is benign or malign is central to the security dilemma. In this context, states have to decide whether the military capabilities of others are for defensive or offensive purposes. Despite the importance of this issue, states’ use of intelligence and diplomacy to gauge others’ capabilities and intentions and its implications for exacerbating, ameliorating and escaping the security dilemma have hardly been addressed. The few who have engaged with the topic have only done so superficially. This article engages with the subject matter at length and argues that both intelligence and diplomacy are double-edged swords in the security dilemma. Intelligence is particularly useful in attaining information regarding the capabilities of others and diplomacy is of great value in acquiring information about their intentions. Yet, they are both prone to error. The best prospects of mitigating and escaping the security dilemma are therefore by utilizing intelligence to gauge others’ capabilities and diplomacy to decipher their intentions, even though these efforts may instead end up aggravating the security dilemma dynamics due to mistakes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Politics, 2018
Keywords
The security dilemma, intelligence, diplomacy, capabilities, intentions
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7205 (URN)10.1057/s41311-017-0119-8 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-01-11 Created: 2018-01-11 Last updated: 2018-10-11Bibliographically approved
Heydarian Pashakhanlou, A. (2018). Swedish Air Power History: A Holistic Overview. Air Power History, 65(3), 7-14
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish Air Power History: A Holistic Overview
2018 (English)In: Air Power History, ISSN 1044-016X, Vol. 65, no 3, p. 7-14-Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
History and Archaeology
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8241 (URN)
Available from: 2018-12-12 Created: 2018-12-12 Last updated: 2019-01-09Bibliographically approved
Heydarian Pashakhanlou, A. (2018). The ethics of Carr and Wendt: Fairness and peace. Journal of International Political Theory, 14(3), 314-330
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The ethics of Carr and Wendt: Fairness and peace
2018 (English)In: Journal of International Political Theory, ISSN 1755-0882, E-ISSN 1755-1722, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 314-330Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The classical realist writings of E.H. Carr and constructivist publications of Alexander Wendt are extraordinarily influential. While they have provoked a great number of reactions within the discipline of International Relations, the ethical dimensions of their works have rarely been studied at length. This article seeks to remedy this lack of examination by engaging in an in-depth scrutiny of the moral concerns of these two mainstream International Relations scholars. On investigation, it is revealed that Carr demonstrates a strong commitment to the ethical principle of fairness and Wendt a moral concern for the prevention of the use of organized violence. These concerns are shared by Rawlsians and cosmopolitans in International Relations, and these findings may thereby encourage closer engagement between these diverse communities that rarely speak to one another and strengthen disciplinary research on morals.

Keywords
Alexander Wendt, E. H. Carr, ethics, fairness, international relations, peace
National Category
Law and Society Political Science
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7327 (URN)10.1177/1755088218758117 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-03-13 Created: 2018-03-13 Last updated: 2019-01-10Bibliographically approved
Heydarian Pashakhanlou, A. (2018). The Past, Present and Future of Realism. In: Davide Orsi, J. R. Avgustin & Max Nurnus (Ed.), Realism in Practice: An Appraisal (pp. 29-42). Bristol: E-International Relations Publising
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Past, Present and Future of Realism
2018 (English)In: Realism in Practice: An Appraisal / [ed] Davide Orsi, J. R. Avgustin & Max Nurnus, Bristol: E-International Relations Publising , 2018, p. 29-42Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bristol: E-International Relations Publising, 2018
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7196 (URN)9781910814376 (ISBN)9781910814383 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-01-10 Created: 2018-01-10 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Heydarian Pashakhanlou, A. (2017). Decapitation in Libya: Winning the Conflict and Losing the Peace. The Washington quarterly, 40(4), 135-149
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Decapitation in Libya: Winning the Conflict and Losing the Peace
2017 (English)In: The Washington quarterly, ISSN 0163-660X, E-ISSN 1530-9177, Vol. 40, no 4, p. 135-149Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7149 (URN)10.1080/0163660X.2017.1406712 (DOI)000418879900007 ()
Available from: 2017-12-13 Created: 2017-12-13 Last updated: 2018-06-29Bibliographically approved
Heydarian Pashakhanlou, A. (2017). Fully integrated content analysis in international relations. International Relations, 31(4), 447-465
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fully integrated content analysis in international relations
2017 (English)In: International Relations, ISSN 0047-1178, E-ISSN 1741-2862, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 447-465Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Content analysis has once again come to the forefront of discussions regarding methods in International Relations (IR). The first wave of content analysis in IR lasted from the 1940s to the 1960s and was marked by a commitment to quantitative and manual analyses. The second wave of content analysis appeared around the third millennium and continues to pervade the discipline also proceeds in a predominantly quantitative manner but emphasizes computer-assisted analysis rather than manual analysis. Critics and advocates of the method alike have, highlighted numerous shortcomings with these approaches. In order to address these limitations, the present investigation argues for a fully integrated content analysis that has the potential to ameliorate the identified weaknesses that have hitherto plagued the method. It accomplishes this task by combining all facets of the method: quantitative, qualitative, manual, and computer-assisted content analyses within a single research project.

Keywords
computer assisted, content analysis, context, international relations, interpretation, manual, method, objectivity, qualitative, quantitative, reliability, replication, validity
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7143 (URN)10.1177/0047117817723060 (DOI)000429613300004 ()
Available from: 2017-12-08 Created: 2017-12-08 Last updated: 2018-06-29Bibliographically approved
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