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Finlan, Alastair, Professor
Publications (10 of 10) Show all publications
Finlan, A. (2024). Resistance and the Modern State: Exploring a society-based resistance capability pathway for Sweden in the shadow of the War in Ukrain. Journal of Military and Strategic Studies, 23(2), 53-73
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Resistance and the Modern State: Exploring a society-based resistance capability pathway for Sweden in the shadow of the War in Ukrain
2024 (English)In: Journal of Military and Strategic Studies, E-ISSN 1488-559X, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 53-73Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The changed security environment in Europe with the outbreak of the War in Ukraine has radically affected defence postures and spending in neighbouring countries, not least in Sweden, which has abandoned its neutrality stance for the first time in 200 years. This research explores whether the development of a society-based resistance capability would augment Sweden’s total defence posture and increase its ability to defend itself in the short term as it rebuilds its conventional forces. It draws upon historical examples of successful resistance organisations such as the Special Operations Executive (SOE) in the Second World War to inform the discussion and concludes that creating a society-based resistance capability would greatly enhance Sweden’s defence posture as well as complement the long-term development of its conventional forces as they prepare to join the North Atlantic Alliance (NATO).

Keywords
Resistance, Sweden
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
War Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-12563 (URN)
Funder
Swedish Armed Forces, FoT
Available from: 2024-06-18 Created: 2024-06-18 Last updated: 2024-06-20Bibliographically approved
Finlan, A. (2023). A Fertile Soil for AI?: Defense AI in Sweden. Hamburg: Defense AI Observatory, Chair of Political Theory, Helmut Schmidt University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Fertile Soil for AI?: Defense AI in Sweden
2023 (English)Report (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hamburg: Defense AI Observatory, Chair of Political Theory, Helmut Schmidt University, 2023. p. 42
Series
Defense AI Observatory (DAIO) Study, ISSN 2749-5345, E-ISSN 2749-5337 ; 23/14
Keywords
AI, Defense, Sweden
National Category
Social Sciences Political Science
Research subject
War Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11944 (URN)
Available from: 2023-11-21 Created: 2023-11-21 Last updated: 2023-11-24Bibliographically approved
Finlan, A. (2023). The Strategic Culture of the United Kingdom. In: Kerry M. Kartchner; Briana D. Bowen; Jeannie L. Johnson (Ed.), Routledge Handbook of Strategic Culture: . New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Strategic Culture of the United Kingdom
2023 (English)In: Routledge Handbook of Strategic Culture / [ed] Kerry M. Kartchner; Briana D. Bowen; Jeannie L. Johnson, New York: Routledge, 2023Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This handbook offers a collection of cutting-edge essays on all aspects of strategic culture by a mix of international scholars, consultants, military officers, and policymakers.

The volume explicitly addresses the analytical conundrums faced by scholars who wish to employ or generate strategic cultural insights, with substantive commentary on defining and scoping strategic culture, analytic frameworks and approaches, levels of analysis, sources of strategic culture, and modalities of change in strategic culture. The chapters engage strategic culture at the civilizational, regional, supra-national, national, non-state actor, and organizational levels. The volume is divided into five thematic parts, which will appeal to both students who are new to the subject and scholars who wish to incorporate strategic culture into their toolbox of analytical techniques. Part I assesses the evolving theoretical strengths and weaknesses of the field. Part II lays out elements of the theoretical and methodological foundations of the field, including sources and components of strategic culture. Part III presents a number of national strategic cultural profiles, representing the state of contemporary strategic culture scholarship. Part IV addresses the utility of strategic culture for practitioners and scholars. Part V summarizes the key theoretical and practical insights offered by the volume’s contributors.

This handbook will be of much interest to students of strategic studies, defense studies, security studies, and international relations in general, as well as to professional practitioners.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Routledge, 2023
Keywords
Strategic culture, United Kingdom
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
War Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-11943 (URN)9780367445485 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-11-21 Created: 2023-11-21 Last updated: 2023-12-21Bibliographically approved
Finlan, A. (2022). The Collapse of Yugoslavia 1991-1999 (2ed.). Oxford: Osprey Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Collapse of Yugoslavia 1991-1999
2022 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In 1991, an ethnically diverse and peaceful region of Europe descended into violence, lawlessness, bitter hatred and chaos, almost overnight to the bewilderment of international observers. Communities fractured along lines of ethnic and religious affiliation, and the ensuing fighting was deeply personal, resulting in horrific brutality, rape, torture and genocide, causing the deaths of thousands of people. Drawing on the latest research for this new edition, Alastair Finlan examines the internal upheavals of the former Yugoslavia and their international implications, including the failure of the Vance-Owen plan; the first use of NATO in a combat role and in peace enforcement; and the war in Kosovo, unsanctioned by the UN but prosecuted by NATO forces to prevent the ethnic cleansing of the region.

Updated and revised, with specially commissioned colour maps and all new images throughout, this is a concise overview of the tragic conflict in former Yugoslavia and its significant consequences.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2022. p. 144 Edition: 2
Series
Essential Histories ; 63
Keywords
Yugoslavia
National Category
Political Science Sociology
Research subject
War Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-10769 (URN)9781472851246 (ISBN)9781472851239 (ISBN)9781472851222 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-03-25 Created: 2022-03-25 Last updated: 2022-03-28Bibliographically approved
Finlan, A., Danielsson, A. & Lundqvist, S. (2021). Critically engaging the concept of joint operations: Origins, reflexivity and the case of Sweden. Defence Studies, 21(3), 356-374
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Critically engaging the concept of joint operations: Origins, reflexivity and the case of Sweden
2021 (English)In: Defence Studies, ISSN 1470-2436, E-ISSN 1743-9698, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 356-374Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-10000 (URN)10.1080/14702436.2021.1932476 (DOI)
Available from: 2021-06-16 Created: 2021-06-16 Last updated: 2021-11-18Bibliographically approved
Finlan, A. (2021). The shape of warfare to come: a Swedish perspective 2020–2045. Defense and Security Analysis, 37(4), 472-491
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The shape of warfare to come: a Swedish perspective 2020–2045
2021 (English)In: Defense and Security Analysis, ISSN 1475-1798, E-ISSN 1475-1801, Vol. 37, no 4, p. 472-491Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This research explores the shape of warfare to come over the next twenty-five years from a Swedish perspective. It is evident that change in the practice of warfare is apparent in international relations today due to the use of innovative new technologies. These developments raise profound practical and conceptual questions for armed forces as to what do these new systems mean for the prosecution of warfare and the intellectual ideas/knowledge base that underpin the contemporary application of force. This research offers a tentative exploration of three aspects (artificial intelligence, autonomous platforms and the future battlefield: the soldier level) framed in the context of the traditional environments of air, land and sea to interrogate their meaning for Sweden and future warfare.

Keywords
artificial intelligence, autonomous platforms, drones, hypersonic weapons, the future battlefield
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Research subject
War Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-10435 (URN)10.1080/14751798.2021.1995976 (DOI)000717371000001 ()
Available from: 2021-11-12 Created: 2021-11-12 Last updated: 2022-05-11Bibliographically approved
Finlan, A. (2019). A dangerous pathway? Toward a theory of special forces. Comparative Strategy, 38(4), 255-275
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A dangerous pathway? Toward a theory of special forces
2019 (English)In: Comparative Strategy, ISSN 0149-5933, Vol. 38, no 4, p. 255-275Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article explores what is considered by some to be a dangerous pathway:the development of a theory of special forces. The world is now inthe third age of special forces and these secret military units are atthe forefront of the use of force in international relations. This research identifies a large theory-knowledge gap concerning these military “first responders” for modern nation-states and offers a tentative theory of special forces that goes beyond traditional annihilation/attrition models of wartoward a new anaphylaxis model. It makes the case that the theory pathwayis not dangerous, but emancipatory.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Taylor & Francis, 2019
Keywords
theory, special forces, international relations, anaphylaxis model
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-8717 (URN)10.1080/01495933.2019.1633181 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-08-20 Created: 2019-08-20 Last updated: 2019-08-27Bibliographically approved
Collier, P., Finlan, A., Grove, M., Grove, P., Hart, R., Hart, S., . . . Hastings, M. (2018). The Second World War (2nded.). Oxford: Osprey Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Second World War
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2018 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The Second World War was the most devastating conflict in human history and one which provides innumerable lessons - military, political, and moral. Across the globe, both soldier and civilian endured suffering on a scale previously unknown to humanity as nations grappled with the demands of total war.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2018. p. 368 Edition: 2nd
Keywords
The Second World War, World War II
National Category
History
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-9042 (URN)978-1-4728-3393-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-02-14 Created: 2020-02-14 Last updated: 2020-04-05Bibliographically approved
Finlan, A. (2017). Special Forces: Leadership, Processes and the British Special Air Service (SAS) (1ed.). In: Gitte Højstrup Christensen (Ed.), Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Special Operations Forces: (pp. 74-87). Copenhagen: Royal Danish Defence College Publishing House
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Special Forces: Leadership, Processes and the British Special Air Service (SAS)
2017 (English)In: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Special Operations Forces / [ed] Gitte Højstrup Christensen, Copenhagen: Royal Danish Defence College Publishing House, 2017, 1, p. 74-87Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper addresses the research question of what kind of leadership, processes, and work climate best support employee-driven/bottom-up innovation in SOF. It starts with the suggestion that the term, Special Operations Forces (SOF), needs to be intellectually unpacked and its diverse elements (of which Special Forces are just one part) disaggregated in order to elicit definitional clarity. From this conceptual starting point, it becomes immediately clear that Special Forces represent the ‘special’ component in the SOF designation. This research contends they are a new type of soldier (and a product of modern warfare) that is defined by differentness in relation to conventional forces and activities within a battlespace, working in traditionally restricted areas. David Stirling, one of the founders of the famed British Special Air Service (SAS), is highlighted as an exemplar of the sort of leadership that provoked rare operational level effects. The paper also suggests that unorthodox forces operating in a unique operational environment demand unusual personality types and atypical command/control processes encapsulated by the so-called ‘Chinese Parliament’ that emerged in the SAS.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Copenhagen: Royal Danish Defence College Publishing House, 2017 Edition: 1
Keywords
Special Forces, Special Operations Forces
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7358 (URN)9788771471823 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-03-26 Created: 2018-03-26 Last updated: 2018-04-03Bibliographically approved
Finlan, A. (2017). Special Operations in Contemporary Warfare: Challenges and Opportunities. Tidskrift i Sjöväsendet (2), 168-174
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Special Operations in Contemporary Warfare: Challenges and Opportunities
2017 (English)In: Tidskrift i Sjöväsendet, ISSN 0040-6945, no 2, p. 168-174Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

This study suggests that the world is now in a third age of Special Forces and one that in all likelihood will witness an increasing utility of these unusual military units in orthodox and unorthodox warfare in international relations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: , 2017
Keywords
Special Operations, Unconventional Warfare
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Krigsvetenskap
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:fhs:diva-7361 (URN)
Available from: 2018-03-26 Created: 2018-03-26 Last updated: 2018-04-03Bibliographically approved
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